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Concept Comparison And Analysis

1758 words - 7 pages

Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories Nursing is a science that has many theories to support the beliefs and clinical practice of the profession. One core concept prevalent in many nursing theories is caring. Theorist Jean Watson and Madeleine Leininger are both nursing theorists who developed theories around caring and nursing. The subject of discussion in this paper is the comparison and analysis of the concept definitions of Jean Watson's Theory of Philosophy and Science of Caring and Madeleine Leininger's Theory of Culture Care Diversity and Universality of nursing. Also included is an in-depth discussion of Jean Watson's theory and how the theory can be applied to nursing practice. Comparison and Analysis of Leininger's and Watson's Caring Theories Madeleine Leininger is known as the founder of the theory of transcultural nursing. Her Theory is also known as Culture Care theory (Current Nursing, 2012). The goal of transcultural nursing is to provide nursing care to patients that respects and balances the values, beliefs, and practices of that patient's culture (Current Nursing, 2012). Leininger strongly believes that culture and caring is an influence that affects every area of a person's life and defines health, illness, and the need or want to be healthy and disease free (Current Nursing, 2012). Leininger's "theoretical framework is depicted in her model called the Sunrise Model" and identifies three modes that consists of nursing actions and decision that will result in culturally congruent care (Current Nursing, 2012, Para. 1). Leininger's definition of caring relates to three modes of nursing actions and decisions. Those actions and decisions are: 1. Cultural care preservation that deals with nursing activities or decisions that assist patients/people to maintain their level of health, recover after being sick, or prepare for death (Nursing Theory, 2011). 2. Cultural care accommodations are nursing activities or decisions that help people change to have a beneficial health outcome (Nursing Theory, 2011). 3. Cultural care re-patterning is aiding a patient make changes to his lifestyle thatrespects his culture and cultural beliefs and values (Nursing Theory, 2011). Leininger firmly believes that caring is an essential part of nursing necessary for curing and healing. "The Culture Care Theory defines nursing as a learned scientific and humanistic profession that focuses on human care phenomena and caring activities in order to help, support, facilitate, or enable patients to maintain or regain health in culturally meaningful ways" (Nursing Theory, 2011, para. 5). Jean Watson's Caring theory focuses on transpersonal caring relationships meaning "connecting with and embracing the spirit or soul of the other through the processes of caring and healing and being in authentic relation, in the moment" (Watson Caring Science Institute: Theory, 2012, para. 1). Watson feels that a nurse must be present mentally, spiritually, and...

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