Concept Of Security In The Context Of International Relations

2287 words - 9 pages

The most commonly used definition by scholars is the definition of Barry Buzan in his book People, States, and Fear says that:
"Security, in any objective sense, measures the absence of threat to acquired values, in a wiki sense, the absence of fear that such values will be attacked" (Buzan, 1991:4).
Then from the definitions that have been mentioned by the penstudi HI can be seen that the security threat is the lack of values needed to live a human life.
While the concept of a threat to its own security Ullman defined as:
"An action or sequence of events that (1) Threatens drastically and over A relatively brief span of time to degrade the quality of life for the inhabitants of a state or (2) Threatens Significantly to narrow the range of policy choices available to government of a state, or to private, nongovernmental entities (persons, groups, corporations) within the state "(Ullman, 1983:133).
Meanwhile, according to Simon Dalby, the security dimension in the study of International Relations has experienced a shift from the traditional perspective that is limited to war and peace. Towarda non-traditional perspective that emphasizes human security and contains more aspects. Security is no longer focused on interstate relations, but also on the security of society (Dalby, 2003:102-103).
Peter Hough said that the definition of security is still a 'contested concept', or a concept that will continue to grow (Hough, 2004:15). However Viotti and Kauppi has defined the defense and security as the basis of a country's protection, and safety concept applies to individuals as well as groups (Viotti and Kauppi, 1999:56). While Indonesian dictionary defines security as a situation that is protected from hazards (safety objective), feelings of safety (subjective safety) and free from doubt.

National Insecurity
In the context of the international security system is the ability of states and societies to maintain the identity and integrity of their functional independence. To achieve security, sometimes the state and society are in a state of harmony or otherwise. In the study of international relations and international political, security is an important concept that is always used and seen as an exclusive characteristic constant of international relations (Buzan, 1991: 2.12). Since the conception of national security is always having a close relationship with the insistence, defense and development of strength or power connection along with analyst of international relations and foreign policy, then to apply always cause debate so step towards conceptualization does not always go hand in hand. Power or power itself is simplistic is the ability of a political unit (state) in preventing conflict and overcome obstacles (Deutsch in Rosenau, 1976: 157). Implicitly, it is concluded about the presence of security as the element that stimulates the effort for the attainment of the power itself.
Inference Buzan says that the security aspect has been...

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