Theory Practice For Teaching And Learning

1902 words - 8 pages

1.0 COMMUNICATIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING (CLT)
This approach concentrates on students to be able to communicate perfectly and fluently. Hymes (1972) says the goal of language teaching is “communicative competence”. According to Halliday, he claimed that learning an L2 is viewed by proponents of CLT as acquiring the linguistic means to perform different kinds of functions. Canale & Swain (1980) also made an influential analysis of communicative competence. They identified four dimensions of communicative competence which are grammatical, discourse, sociolinguistic and strategic competence. Savignon (2002) stated that communicative language teaching (CLT) refers to both processes and goals in the classroom learning. Generally, CLT aims to make communicative competence the goal of language teaching, and at the same time develop procedures for the teaching of the four language skills.
Berns (1990) before claims that appropriate communicative competence for learners requires understanding of sociocultural contexts of language use. Besides, the task principle also another example of element of the CLT practices. As stated by Johnson (1982), he explained task principle as the activities in which language is used for carrying out meaningful tasks that promote learning. Johnson (1984) and Littlewood (1984) once claimed that acquisition of communicative competence in a language is one example of skill development. As stated beforehand, we always know that CLT offers enthusiastic lesson opportunities based on the principles aligned.
The major problem why CLT is indeed difficult to apply in Malaysian classroom is because of the traditional approach of teaching grammar. Teachers usually use method of drilling, which focus on form and functions when dealing with grammar. Despite the objectives of lessons implemented CLT, activities for grammar activities still do not reflect communicative approach. Previously, I have tried implementing CLT in teaching grammar, in a sense where language focus is being emphasized throughout the lesson development. I do agree it was kind of difficult especially dealing with students at rural area. This is because their exposure to the language is not much as those at urban areas. I believe drilling works the best for them from my observation. There were indeed comfortable and able to understand better if I used drilling.
Richards & Rodgers (2001) claimed that CLT is basically about promoting learning. Lowe (2005) suggests that CLT follow Halliday’s lead and rejected the difference between learning and acquisition. If particular individual able to master the language, they will certainly able to perform better in exams, if that is their aim or objective of learning. CLT also helps in motivating students in learning. Basically, the most important part is ensuring there is a convenient learning environment. Doman (2005) suggests that “the need for ongoing negotiation during interaction increases the learners’ overt participation”....

Find Another Essay On theory practice for teaching and learning

Teaching Philosophy and Practice Essay

2031 words - 9 pages as a teacher is to challenge students to think for themselves, think critically (solve problems) and to encourage learning through lessons that are fun. My philosophy is that I should strive to provide authentic learning experiences through student engagement and collaboration. As an educator it is my responsibility to facilitate learning opportunities whether they come from direct instruction, student collaboration in the classroom, or

LEARNING AND TEACHING PROCESSES Essay

3447 words - 14 pages rehearsal of items, for example, or by finding opportunities to practise); and they check themselves (get feedback on performance, ask to be corrected).In the classroom, it is the teacher's job to promote these three learning processes by the use of appropriate teaching acts. Thus, a teacher presents and explains new material in order to make it clear, comprehensible and available for learning; gives practice to consolidate knowledge; and tests

Teaching and Learning

1925 words - 8 pages stratergies give children greater responsibility for their learning and that use of engagement stratergies benefit children tremendously” p. 5. In conclusion I would say that a teacher has one of the most important roles in a child’s everyday learning and that the way she observes , plans , assesses and evaluates each individual child , makes a difference in a child’s learning and helps the children to support /or enhance their interest or any other particular domains . To support the whole planning cycle in a child’s learning can only happen if the teacher is able to apply the teaching strategies adequately in the learning.

Using Visual Thinking for Effective Teaching and Learning

1513 words - 7 pages Reg Revans), Facilitation theory (by Carl Rogers), Andragogy (Adult learning by Malcolm Knowles) and others. There is no absolute capable theory for school in all situations. Among a big number of learning styles it is generally accepted that there are 3 main categories of students: visual, auditory and kinesthetic learners. That’s why we have chosen VARK model, which was developed by Neil Fleming. It is about using only one dimension – the

What I Believe (for now) About Teaching, Learning, and Schooling

1010 words - 4 pages What I Believe (for now) About Teaching, Learning, and Schooling A young boy stands on a beach surrounded by thousands of starfish stranded in the sand. The boy picks them up one at a time and tosses them back into the water. An older gentleman walks to his side and says, "Young man, you are wasting your time. There are too many. You cannot even HOPE to make a difference." The boy smiles at him, picks up another starfish and tosses it

Learning and Teaching Vocabulary for a Second Language

923 words - 4 pages “Learning another language is not only learning different words for the same things, but learning another way to think about things.” (Flora Lewis, 2000) For as long as there are languages and for as there are languages, there are people studying and teaching it, but is there one way of teaching a language that is the right way? There are many aspects to learn a language, for the sake of the assignment I have been appointed only one aspect

Using Visual Thinking for Effective Teaching and Learning

1825 words - 8 pages greatest and most helpful for learning types of graphic organizer are infographics and mind mapping. One of the greatest is infographic. Infographics can be useful teaching tools as they use so many elements of traditional “teaching”: the writing process, research and planning, all while combining digital and traditional text forms. Infographics are graphic visual representations of information, data or knowledge intended to present complex

Description of Concepts of Teaching and Learning for Patients

1020 words - 4 pages slow down the disease process as well as help the patient breathes easier. Stretches help warm up the muscles for pending activity in addition to helping with flexibility and range of motion. Patient has received an exercise-stretching band to use daily, and given a list of four different stretching exercises. The healthcare professional will give the patient instructions for the four stretching exercises as well as pictures depicting someone

Diplomacy: Theory and Practice

1094 words - 5 pages Suppose you have landed a diplomatic job after completion of your MA International Relations (IR) but your syllabus didn’t include any class on diplomacy and besides you don’t have much time to set aside for reading on widening concept of diplomacy. Then the book ‘Diplomacy: Theory and Practice’ is the right choice for you to read. It explains the nuts and bolts of diplomacy in a clear way. The book has been written by G.R. Berridge. The author

Management Theory and Practice

1409 words - 6 pages to both groups. The danger is that people might think they can do only the few different things and still succeed. This paper will focus on the main question of why some leaders are able to inspire where others aren't. Bryman (1992) commented, “There was considerable disillusionment with leadership theory and research in the early 1980s. Part of the disillusionment was attributed to the fact that most models of leadership and measures accounted

Altering Your Style of Teaching for Demands of Different Practice and Competitive Situations

1493 words - 6 pages Altering Your Style of Teaching for Demands of Different Practice and Competitive Situations Before deciding on one's teaching style, one must view the performer or team, to establish their strengths and weaknesses. By doing this the teacher can decide what needs to be taught in using either command, reciprocal, discovery, or guided discovery styles of teaching. When choosing which method to use, the leader must decide

Similar Essays

Theory And Practice Of Language Teaching

2488 words - 10 pages in syllabus design The case for task. In G. Crookes & S. M. Gass (Eds.), Tasks in a pedagogical context: Integrating theory and practice (pp. 9-68). Clevedon, England: Multilingual Matters. Lowe, M. (2005). The Shibboleths of TEFL: Straightening out our thinking Modern English Teacher Vol 14, No 1. Nunan, D. (1999). Second Language Teaching and Learning. Heinle and Heinle. Nunan, D. (2004). Task-based language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge

Edn221: Language And Teaching Assignment 1 Understanding Vygotsky’s Learning Theory And Considering The Implications Of His Ideas For Future Tea

999 words - 4 pages development which he defined as the gap between what students can do independently and what they can do with assistance from another more knowledgeable person (Duchesne et al. 2013. pp. 87). This concept suggests that students learn best when activities are set in their zone of proximal development, so teachers implementing this theory would need create learning activities that are appropriate for the student’s level at which they could work with

From ‘Learning English’ To ‘Learning In English’: Putting Theory Into Practice Regarding Content Based English Language Education For Economics St

1412 words - 6 pages use. In the TESL field, this pedagogical approach is known as content-based language teaching (CBLT) or, alternatively, English for Academic and/or Specific Purposes (EAP/ESP). As a teacher who has adopted a communicative CBLT pedagogy, I strive to engage students in a process of active learning through problem-solving activities crafted from authentic materials and discussions centered on issues relevant to students’ own fields of study or

Desensitization Therapy For Allergy: Theory And Practice

1887 words - 8 pages , Frati F, Sieber J, Van Overtvelt L. Immune mechanisms of allergen-specific sublingual immunotherapy. Allergy. Feb 2006;61(2):151-165. 8. Senna GE, Makatsori M, Schiappoli M, Dama AR. Subcutaneous allergen specific immunotherapy: best clinical practice as cornerstone for future development. European annals of allergy and clinical immunology. Oct 2011;43(5):135-140. 9. Calabria CW, Cox L. Accelerated immunotherapy schedules and premedication