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Conceptions Of Davidic Hope Essay

1797 words - 8 pages

Conceptions of Davidic Hope in Ezekiel, Zechariah, Haggai, and the Chronicles by Greg Herrick, Th.M.gregh@bible.org Introduction The following paper will concern itself with an investigation of certain texts from Ezekiel, Zechariah, and Haggai. Davidic hope in the Chronicles will also be examined. Most of the concepts developed in these books emerged during times of national distress for Israel and reflect much of the hope previously developed in the Old Testament. There are five previous articles in this series that may be consulted on this website. They are: (1) An Early Text for Later Messianic Conceptions: A Look at Genesis 49:8-12/Sept. 10, 1998; (2) "A Star Will Come Out of ...view middle of the document...

Against Bloch is the specific mention of the nations in 31:6 (Ezek 34:23-31 and 37:15-28 speak to similar issues. The prophet envisions an age when instead of the faithless and greedy shepherds over Israel (cf. 34:2-5), there will be a day when God will place over his people one shepherd"”an ideal David as it were"”who will exhibit David's characteristic of faithfulness. The reference to dj*a# hu#r)Thus in these passages in Ezekiel we have notions of an idealic Davidic ruler to come who will unite all Israel and Judah as one nation under their sovereign YHWH in the land he had promised them. He will cleanse them and be their God"”the same kind of covenant language we have associated with Israel's separation unto YHWH at Mt. Sinai (Ex 19:6; 6:7; cf. also Deut 7:6; Ezek 11:20). There is, therefore, a close relationship between the Abrahamic and Davidic promises in Ezekiel's conception of the future. Thus Ezekiel envisions the national restoration of Israel to her land and God, but this is not simply with Israel in mind for YHWH has stated that Israel will be restored so that the nations of the earth may know of his holiness. Indeed, the positive imagery of the various kinds of birds enjoying the shade of the tree in Ezek 17:23-24 is not the language of subjugation, but instead suggests that while arrogant kingdoms will be made low, blessing will come to the Gentile nations under the Davidic king"”without Israelite hegemony over them.Zech 3:8; cf. 6:12-13; 9:9-10; 12:10 The prophet Zechariah has much to say in terms of the restoration of Israel and messianic hopes intimately connected with that. He refers to the coming messiah as the "branch" (jm^x# in 3:8 and 6:12), the same language used in Isa 4:2 (hw`hy+ jm^x#), 11:1 (rx#n}), and Jeremiah 33:15 (hq*d*x= jm^x# dw]d*l= j^ym!x=a^ ayh!h^ tu@b*WThe Gentiles, as well Jews of the dispersion, will play a role in the future building of the temple which will be a clear indication to the people that Zechariah has been sent by the Lord (6:15). There is a clear connection between the fulfillment of Davidic promise and the restoration of the Jewish nation, as well as the blessing of the nations in 2:11-12. Thus the rule of the Davidic king will be from sea to sea and from the River to the ends of the earth (9:10).Haggai 2:20-23 Haggai 2:20-23 is eschatological and theocratic in focus and looks forward to a day (twa)b*x= hw`hy+-Haggai 2:20-23 is to be taken together with 2:6-9 (where it refers to the shaking of the heavens and the building of the temple). Thus we have a picture here of the nations bringing their wealth to the temple and the glory of the latter house eclipsing that of the former. Thus in Israel, the reign of the Davidic king is closely connected to the cultus/Temple and the worship of YHWH.David and the Davidic Covenant in Chronicles Many, if not most, of the Davidic covenantal ideas in 1-2 Chronicles clearly have their ultimate antecedents in the Nathan oracle in 2...

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