Principles of Coaching
A coach has many different ways to be described they are described as
an involvement in the development of people and they work to help
others get better at doing things. they are also described as someone
who brings about a change in some aspect of someones life.
' A coach is somebody who develops , improves or promotes change in a
persons ability and /or understanding within a specific context'
' A sports coach is somebody who works with another person or group of
people to develop and improve their understanding and ability in a
sport and also to develop and improve them as people using sport as a
vehicle for development'
Ref: Sports Development and fitness option unit13 principles of
In a coaching role you need to develop the skills of: providing
instruction and explanation, demonstrating, observing, analysing and
In providing Instruction and Explanation you should think about and
plan what you are going to say, gain the athlete's attention, keep it
simple and to the point and check they understand.
In providing demonstration make sure you are in a position where the
athletes can clearly see you, focus on only 1 or 2 key points, repeat
the demonstration 2 or 3 times (side, back and front view), ask if
they have any questions and then let them practice the skill.
In observing and analysing break the action down into phases, focus on
one phase at a time, observe the action several times from various
angles, compare the action with your technical model and if
appropriate determine what corrective action is required.
In providing feedback encourage the athlete to self analyse by asking
appropriate questions, provide specific and simple advice, limit the
advice to 1 or 2 points and make the whole process a positive
experience for the athlete
For a coach to develop effectivley or change a participants
performance, they have to take on a variety of different roles when
coaching. These roles are:
· Trainer Physical trainer, Help improve participants fitness,
· Motivator, Encouragement
· Mentor,helping others, looks out for you. keeps you on track.
· Teacher, Sharing information, teaching people how to do things so
that they can learn new skills and techniques.
· Guide,Keep you on track
· Phychologist,make you mentally prepared to play
· Leader, Role model
· Mediator, Peace maker
· Organiser, Preparation
· Disiplinerain, keeping participants in line
· Friend, Good working relationship.help keep participants feet on the
The skills of a coach
· A coaching session can be sub-divided into three different aspects,
before during and after
· The before aspect is the planning phase,the during aspect is the
delivery phase the...