Conceptual Relativism And Radical Social Constructionism

1330 words - 5 pages

Conceptual relativism is concerned with truth and knowledge and belongs specifically with the ability of the human mind to construct different realities, people have different versions of realities but there is no one reality as is the same with truth there is no one absolute truth there are only truths. (Lazar 1998)Many authors have described the nature of this in their own languages and this has bought about many different views of conceptual relativism. It was Daniel Little’s belief that conceptual relativism was concerned with the fact that as the world is separated into so many different countries, cultures, religions and beliefs. It would not be possible to only have one theory on the structure of everything inside the world, for all individuals think differently, how can one theory be more plausible than another. (Lazar 1998) Peter Winch had a more radical view and argued that Science had absolutely nothing to do with explanations on what existed. He stated that human beings are more than just physical objects and that if human action was not being understood from the inside, how could the social sciences understand human action at all. He went on to say that the majority of sociology was not in fact a science it was a masked type of philosophy. Winch’s claims against the social sciences caused problems and some ethnomethodological sociologists changed the way they studied society and developed a non scientific route. (Lock 2010)However rationalists such as Popper reject the idea of relativism as he believed that unless all individuals shared the same framework of basic knowledge, there could never be agreements made. (Benton 2001)
From a conceptual relativism viewpoint Philosophers can give their opinions regarding specific issues but there is no guarantee to ensure whether their observations are based on experience or on literature read by them. Sociologists would evaluate their views with either the reference of religion, beliefs or social norms. It is essentially true that different people see the world differently and there is no objection in thinking different than others. (Ekman 2002)Thus, Conceptual relativism terminology enables the individual to conceive reality as per their own views. However it has been observed that human beings start practicing a specific behaviour that they think suitable with their environment.

Thus, Radical social constructionism is the self created concept of human beings. (Lock 2010)Radical social constructionism is primarily concerned with the idea that a variety of phenomena’s are socially constructed and is linked with the idea of radical anti-realism in relation to reality and the validity of science. If the validity of science is in question then this brings about a problem for gender science as this theory would believe that biology does not account for our gender and that gender is highly dependable on the social constructs of historical and social process.( Gil-White 2001)
Radical social...

Find Another Essay On Conceptual Relativism and Radical Social Constructionism

education Essay

525 words - 2 pages Culture relativism is the view that all beliefs, customs, and ethics are relative to the individual within his own social context. In other words ''right'' and ''wrong'' are cultural specific; what is considered moral in one society may be considered immoral in another. Since no universal standard of morality exists, no one has the right to judge another society's customs. Cultural relativism is widely accepted in modern anthropology. Cultural

Self & Society: A Social Constructionist Perspecti

2338 words - 9 pages Question 1, 'Why might social constructionism be considered as putting 'critical' into critical social psychology?' During the late 60's and early 70's, a crisis of confidence took place in the world of social psychology. Many social psychologists became weary of the traditional theories and methods of their field. Although the crisis affected social psychologists everywhere, it was said to have taken place mainly in America and in Europe, with

Social Constructionism

1081 words - 4 pages Social Constructionism: It’s EVERYWHERE! Diverse studies indicate that newborn female infanticide rates in the Inuit population can range anywhere from 15% to 80% (Schrire 162). They kill their babies. Specifically, they will dispose of infant girls or sick and weakly infants. While this practice might go against every moral belief you have, it is widely accepted amongst Inuit society as a normal practice. Mind you, the Inuit do not commit

What exactly is cultural relativism in metaethics? Is cultural relativism true? Can cultural relativists uphold the principle of cultural tolerance?

2125 words - 9 pages standards independent from the values society has already established. For example, in the early twentieth century, the Australian Government enforced the 'White Australia Policy' where immigrants of non-European decent were denied access into the country. This policy is now considered racist and xenophobic and most people would regard its abolition as social progress. But in compliance with the laws of Cultural Relativism, wewould need an autonomous

Argument Against Cognitive Relativism

1182 words - 5 pages there are no universal truths including the claim that there are no universal truths, then I have contradicted myself big time, for I have said that the claim both is and is not universally valid.The idea of cognitive relativism and of ‘different’ truths are based on the fact that in the world, there are different ‘conceptual’ schemes, and according to Kant, the conceptual scheme is ‘uniform for all people’. The

Community Power and Participatory Decision-Making

1221 words - 5 pages later developed to help in thoroughly explaining and analyzing the issue that the research intended to emphasize. Social Constructionism People can construct their own world through critical reflection of their world. Accordingly, critical theory is a standpoint of social constructionism. In social construction, Burr writes that it: …insists that we take a critical stance towards our taken-for-granted ways of understanding the world

"What exactly is "cultural relativism" in metaethics? Is cultural relatisim true? Can cultural relativists uphold the principle of cultural tolerance?

2380 words - 10 pages tendency of an individual to change their thinking and behavior to the social norms. The social norm is generated by your culture, which is culture relativism. I also believe that absolute moral truths do exist, and cannot be judged right or wrong because of the context in which they are in.I believe that cultural relativism has the ability to go against everyone as an individual. It can go against the content of every character, talent, thought

Meta-Ethical Cultural Relativism

976 words - 4 pages Meta-Ethical Cultural Relativism The thesis of meta-ethical cultural relativism is the philosophical viewpoint that there are no absolute moral truths, only truths relative to the cultural context in which they exist. From this it is therefore presumed that what one society considers to be morally right, another society may consider to be morally wrong, therefore, moral right's and wrongs are only relative to a particular society. Thus

Theory: Moral Relativism

1910 words - 8 pages progress. Moral Relativism implies that there does not exist a culture-independent criterion of moral right and wrong, and thus each moral principle is as valid as others. It then follows that no one can criticize any moral code and there could be no moral progress. But such conclusion is inconsistent with what actually happens in history. Many social reformers strived to improve the moral codes of their society, replacing the old, less-justified

Societal Level Explanations of Crime

587 words - 2 pages theories engage problems which basically have an effect on the individual and are fundamentally beyond control of that person to transform.2 According to a study on Sociological theories of education both the Consensus and Conflict theories are structural theories. Consensus theory is also known as Functionalism. Conflict theory is strongly related with Marxism. Social Constructionism is for the most part Symbolic Interactionism.Numerous theories

Interpretism reaction paper

1318 words - 5 pages next piece is called three epistemological stances for qualitative inquiry. This book section looks at three different philosophies related to qualitative research. Those philosophies are: Interpretivism, hermeneutics, and social constructionism. It offers a background of each of the perspectives, and then goes into detail about each. First was the interpretivist paradigm. They argue that social action is meaningful, and to understand an action, the

Similar Essays

Social Constructionism And The Message Of Feminism

687 words - 3 pages In this essay I will define social constructionism and how the theories of social construction altered feminism’s message during its second wave. The second wave of the feminist movement started during the 1950’s and is thought to have ended with the failure of the equal rights amendment. The amendment was only three votes shy of being ratified. Prior to this era the first wave of feminism seem to focus mainly on suffrage, a women right to

A Summary Of The Social Security Propositions Put Forth In Ted Halsted And Micheal Lind's "Radical Center."

998 words - 4 pages more astounding in that the authors are proposing a radical redefinition of what in politics has often been considered the third rail, referring to the electrified third rail in many subway systems, "touch it and you're dead." Recent political developments have shown that this rail might not be quite so deadly to the touch anymore, which makes such a redesign possible.According to "The Radical Center", the current social security system is a

A Summary Of Epistemic Relativism Essay

1181 words - 5 pages . Tsai Chin-Chung, a chair professor of the Graduate Institute of Digital Learning and Education of National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, presents, in "The Development Of Epistemic Relativism", "many students who participate in online Peer Assessment (PA) could develop views of “epistemic relativism” and “social relativism" (311-312). The diversity of ideas among peers cannot guarantee the achievement of “epistemic relativism

The Development Of Epistemic Relativism Versus Social Relativism

1598 words - 6 pages one solution multiple times. Tsai Chin-Chung, a chair professor of the Graduate Institute of Digital Learning and Education of National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, presents, in The Development Of Epistemic Relativism, "many students who participate in online Peer Assessment (PA) could develop views of “epistemic relativism” and “social relativism". The diversity of ideas among peers cannot guarantee the achievement of “epistemic