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Concusions In Athletes Essay

1825 words - 7 pages

In recent studies, it has been found that concussions resulting from athletics are becoming increasingly dangerous while at the same time given less consideration. Sports related mild traumatic brain injuries in children have increased by sixty percent in the last decade. Approximately 173,285 cases of mild traumatic brain injuries relating to sports are treated each year in U.S. emergency departments (CDC).
One may ask just what exactly a concussion is. A concussion can be defined as a clinical syndrome characterized by immediate and transient impairment of neural function, such as alteration of consciousness, disturbance of vision, equilibrium, etc., due to mechanical forces (Roy/Irvin, 142). The brain is made up of a “tofu-like” substance which can impact against the rigid walls of the skull, causing a change in neurological function and more. Basically, a concussion is when the head or body suffers a blow and the brain gets “sloshed” around causing it damage (Roy/Irvin, 142).
There are many ways that a person can obtain a concussion. Concussions could be a result of a car accident or an unexpected fall. In sports, they are usually caused by a direct blow to the head. This can happen when a bat, hockey stick, or any type of ball strikes the head. It can also happen when a player comes in contact with another player, as in tackling during football. A concussion could also be a result of colliding with a stationary object, such as a post or wall (Children’s Memorial Hospital). The most important and also the most difficult process of a concussion is recognizing one. Some athletes will experience obvious signs and symptoms of a concussion and others will have none. Each human brain is very different which makes recognition very difficult. Sometimes after a blow to the head, an athlete may not appear affected. It is important to not leave the athlete unattended after a suspected concussion; they may later laps into unconsciousness from extradural hemorrhaging (Roy/Irvin 142). It is also not uncommon for the athlete to not show any symptoms until hours or days after the initial incident (CDC).There are many recognizable signs that result from a concussion including; slurred speech, poor concentration, personality changes, inappropriate emotions and playing behavior, decreased playing ability, along with confusion and feeling disoriented (Children’s Memorial Hospital). The most observable symptoms are headaches that do not seem to get any better, pressure felt in the head, balance problems, dizziness, nausea, sensitivity to light and noise, hearing problems and ringing in the ears. The athlete may also feel “dinged”, “foggy”, or “dazed”, and may see stars, flashing lights, or have double vision. The list continues with vomiting, irritability, weakness in limbs, a vacant stare, a glassy-eyed stare, slow to answer questions or follow directions, sleep disturbances, and the most obvious, loss of consciousness (Children’s Memorial Hospital). It is...

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