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Condition Survey Of Mosque In Nigeria: A Case Study Of Federal University Of Technology, Minna, Nigeria

3211 words - 13 pages

1.0 Introduction

The whole world is a place of worship. The essence of life is to worship the Almighty, the creator of all creations. Allah says that He had created both Men and Jinns only that they may worship and serve Him (Quran 51, verse 56). In another related verse; Allah says “O ye who believe! When the call is proclaimed to prayer on Friday (The Day of Assembly), hastens earnestly to the remembrance of God, and leave off business (and traffic): that is best for you if ye but knew! And when the prayer is finished, then may ye disperse through the land, and seek of the Bounty of God: and celebrate the praises of God often (and without stint :): that ye may prosper (Quran 62, verse 9, 10). it follows that Allah has given mankind the Gantt chart from the beginning of our life. Life is about worship and worship is about life, so it is inseparable. However, from (Quran 62 verse 9, 10) cited above, Muslims must perform prayers while at work, it is mean a mosque need to be located for the Vicegerency of Allah at work place. Therefore, “the position occupied by the mosque in Islam cannot be overemphasized. First it is a sacred institution because it is the Muslims' place of worship. In addition, mosque serves as a meeting point where issues that affect Islam in particular and the Muslims in general are discussed. In short all activities in Islam revolve around the mosque”. (Toyib, 2009)
Mosques represent the identity of Islam and gains its importance from the perch of prayer, the act of prayer, whether performed by an individual or congregation, is one of the pillars of Islam; it is considered to be the soul of Islam. The construction of Mosque could be seen as an extension of Muslim’s house where learning of Islamic culture and civilization, remembrance of Allah, Recitation of Holy Quran are conducted. Mosque is the first learning institution on earth as it is dated back to this time of Prophet (Pbuh). “In the early centuries of Islam the Mosque was an educational centre where all forms of educational activities took place. Al- Qur’ān was taught there and Qur’ānic verses explained by the Prophet. The companions used to memorize and record the sayings of the Prophet within the Mosque. In one of the corners of the Prophet’s Mosque there was a raised platform (suffa) which served as a central place of student activity for those interested to know about faith, worship, and other matters. It was mostly an informal method of teaching, but later on it was organized in a systematic way”. (Khalid, 2004)
However, the emergence of western education brings about formal system of education in an organised school environment. “University education in Nigeria commenced with the establishment of the University College, Ibadan (U.C.I.) in January, 1948 as a College of the metropolitan University of London. The University College became independent of London University in 1962 and became a full-fledged University of Ibadan (U.I.) …” (Ogunu, 1990). The university...

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