Conduct disorder (CD) in children and adolescence is a serious matter that has major adverse effects to the child, to their parents, and to their entire community. This disorder is chronic and worsens overtime that forces the child into a life of risky aggressive impulses, pattern of destructive behavior, disregard for rules, regulation, and authority. Since CD is a condition that develops over a long period of time, children can carry the side effects of negative behaviors into their adulthood. CD is one of the most common diagnosed disorder among children and adolescence, and according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Mental health integration, 2009), “Conduct Disorder s repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated” (Mental health integration, 2009). At a young age, children with CD will have difficulties in school; learning, forming friendships, and become socially rejected by their peers. By the time the child is an adolescent, CD can stem into many other undesired mental concerns and disorders. An adolescent with CD will likely have numerous run-ins with the law, difficulties forming and maintaining relationships, and difficulty sustaining long-term employment. Some symptoms of CD is bulling, fighting, cruelty to people or animals, rape, vandalism, fire-setting, robbery, theft, and school truancy (Mental health integration, 2009). It is important to note that the average child and adolescent may act on one or two of the symptoms, and that is completely normal. It starts to become a concern when these symptoms are constant and repetitive.
Conduct disorder is a severe problem that must be addressed early in a child’s life. It is imperative to recognize and identify if a child is not preforming well in school, getting into constant fights with their peers, showing anti-social behavior, and seek professional treatment right away. There are numerous studies on this disorder, with major conclusions is that there is no single reason why a child might development CD. Causes for this disorder can stem from individual factors, environmental factors, to even parenting factors. The burden of CD is extremely high and proper identification, diagnoses, and treatment must be rendered at an early age to be effective.
Diagnoses and Symptoms
The diagnoses of CD based on the DSM-TV has two subtypes that is based on the age of the individual; the childhood-onset (under age 10) and the adolescence-onset (over age 18). According to Paul Frick and Joel Nigg in their research on CD diagnoses, “children in the childhood-onset group often begin showing mild conduct problems as early as preschool or early elementary school, and their behavioral problems tend to increase in rate and severity throughout childhood and into adolescence” (Frick & Nigg, 2012, p 93). Diagnoses within the childhood-onset verses adolescent-onset is based on the age...