The Constitution of 1787of the United States of America is signed by 38 of 41 delegates present at the conclusion of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. Supporters of the document paid a hard won battle to win ratification by the necessary nine out of thirteen U.S. states. The Articles of Confederation, ratified just before the British surrender at Yorktown in 1781. Congress the central authority had the control to govern foreign concerns, conduct war, and control currency. These powers were suddenly limited because Congress was given no authority to enforce its requests to the states for money or troops. By 1786, it was specious that the Union would soon break up if the Articles of Confederation were not corrected or replaced. There were five states that met in Annapolis, Maryland, to discuss the concern, and all the states were invited to send delegates to a new constitutional convention to be held in Philadelphia.
On May 25, 1787, delegates representing every state except Rhode Island assembled at Philadelphia's Pennsylvania State House for the Constitutional Convention. The Independence Hall had earlier seen the recruiting of the Declaration of Independence and the signing of the Articles of Confederation. The meeting immediately discarded the idea of amending the Articles of Confederation and set about drawing up a new arrangement of government. Groundbreaking war conqueror George Washington, a delegate from Virginia, was elected convention president.
During an exhaustive debate, the delegates invented a brilliant federal organization characterized by an complicated system of checks and balances. The convention was divided over the issue of state representation in Congress, as more-populated states sought comparative legislation, and smaller states wanted equal representation. The problem was resolved by the Connecticut Compromise, which proposed a dual legislature with relative representation in the lower house and equal representation of the states in the upper house.
The Article of Confederations had many strengths starting with declaring war and making peace. Another strength that the Article of Confederations had was to coin and borrow money. The Article of Confederations even detailed with foreign countries and sign treaties.
Even though the Article of Confederation had its strength, it also had its weaknesses. The Articles of Confederation was the first official government of the United States and there were lots weaknesses. The national government could not power the states to follow its laws. It did not have the authority to implement laws. Congress did not have a strong and steady leadership. There was no official army or navy. There was no organization of national courts. Each state had the authority to issue its own paper money. Each state also had the authority to put tariffs on trades between states. Under the there was only a one legislature so that there was no separation of powers. The central government was...