Conflict, Humanitarian Relief, and Peacekeeping
The term ‘conflict’ has many meanings in our everyday lives. It could be a behavior or an action. A well-known definition for the term would be a strong disagreement between people, groups, etc. (Merriam-Webster). In global conflict analysis and resolution, a conflict could mean many things. Examples would be when two states are engaging in war with one another, the Cold War, World Wars, and the Energy Resources in the Eastern Mediterranean case. Many believe that conflicts are ‘solvable,’ but this is not always true. Peter Wallensteen states, “Most actors in conflicts will find themselves in need of negotiations at one time or another (Understanding Conflict Resolution 13). This means that a negotiation or a plan may be needed in order to resolve the actual conflict. Conflict could also focus on events that happen throughout this world. This leads to what this analysis paper will primarily focus on, the tragic earthquake that occurred in Haiti back in 2010, along with how humanitarian relief and peacekeeping took place.
Humanitarian relief or assistance is provided for humanitarian purposes, typically in response to humanitarian crises. Those include natural disasters and man-made disasters. The main focus of humanitarian aid is to save lives and relieve suffering. Humanitarian assistance can be distinguished from development aid. The characteristics that mark it out from other forms of foreign assistance and development aid are that: A.) It is intended to be governed by the principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence, and B.) It is intended to be short-term in nature and provide for activities in the immediate aftermath of a disaster. In practice it is often difficult to say where ‘during and in the immediate aftermath of emergencies’ ends and other types of assistance begin, especially in situations of prolonger vulnerability (Defining Humanitarian Assistance). The United Nations (UN) is always on top of their game when it comes to providing relief, support, and assistance whenever there is a disaster or humanitarian catastrophe that occurs. The humanitarian and disaster-relief efforts of the UN system are overseen and facilitated by the Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), led by the United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator (United Nations Global Issues).
Peacekeeping is the active maintenance of a truce between nations or communities, especially by an international military force. It has proven to be one of the most effective tools available to the UN to assist host countries navigate the difficult path from conflict to peace (What is Peacekeeping?). With a general understanding at an international level, peacekeepers monitor and observe peace processes in post-conflict areas. There are many different forms of assistance that can be provided, such as confidence-building measures, power sharing agreements, electoral support, and economic and social...