Conflict And Its Relationship To Political Legitimacy And Economic Development

936 words - 4 pages

Malthusian processes are demographic factors that appear to increase the likelihood of civil conflict in a country (Oatley 3/24). The three primary processes that appear to have increased the prevalence of civil conflict in countries in Africa and the Middle East are: an increasing population of young people (known as “youth bulge”), a high rate of urbanization, and resource scarcity (particularly with regards to cropland and clean water) (Cincotta, Engelman, and Anastasion 13). However, these demographic factors are compounded by non-demographic factors “such as…unresponsive governance, and ineffective institutions” (Cincotta, Engelman, and Anastasion 13). Pinker’s power law distribution ...view middle of the document...

The initial results of this policy were favorable, but distortion of the system occurred due to illegitimate political structures, such as neopatrimonialism (Oatley 3/17). Neopatrimonialism is characterized by clientelism, state control of resources, centralization of power or personalistic governance, and a hybrid regime between the personalistic governance and bureaucratic governance (Oatley 03/17). The interaction of neopatrimonialism and ISI created economic crisis in developing countries by creating an economic structure that was not self-sustaining; therefore, developing countries had to turn to foreign governments for support which amassed them foreign debt, and the burden of debt in turn led to civil conflict (Oatley 03/17).
The IMF is a “lender of last resort” because it provides short term financial assistance to countries in economic crisis (Oatley 03/19). As developing countries, such as in Sub-Saharan Africa, began to take on more foreign debt due to their failing economic systems, the IMF provided programs for relief of their debt burdens (Oatley 03/19). The IMF uses conditional lending practices, meaning it requires policy reforms such as stabilization of inflation and structural adjustment before it provides help to debt-burdened developing countries (Oatley 03/19). However, it is important to note that the IMF is controlled by the most developed nations, with the U.S. having the most power in the organization, and the conditional policies such as reduced deficit, reduced trade barriers, openness to foreign investment, and privatization of state enterprises represent the neoliberalism that the U.S. and other developed countries wanted to force onto developing nations (Harvey). These conditional lending requirements were meant to replace neopatrimonialism with neoliberalism, but the short term constriction of developing nation economies as well as their lack of desire to actually implement the required changes leads to further civil conflict (Harvey).

Commitment problems result from dynamic inconsistency (meaning that the preferences of one side of a conflict may change) and sovereignty (meaning the power that...

Find Another Essay On Conflict and Its Relationship to Political Legitimacy and Economic Development

The New Taiwanese Identity and its Political and Economic Connections

3144 words - 13 pages culture. At the same time, the Taiwanese people become more aware of their identities and start to adopt a new identity because of the government’s advocation. The new Taiwanese identity is also influencing Taiwan’s foreign policies and reflecting its feelings towards China’s political and economic expansions. The new identity is a first step for the Taiwanese to reestablish its foreign relationship with other countries, because the PRC has

Conflict and its affects on the nurse-Physician relationship

1544 words - 6 pages . Analysis In health care it is crucial that the health care team is cohesive. When conflict interferes with the nurse-physician relationship it can and will impact communication and eventually impact patient care. In the context of this paper, according to Tabak and Orit (2007), a conflict is defined as a situation arising where one party in a workplace relationship perceives that the behavior and objectives of the second party are not compatible with

Impact of Globalization on Russia’s Political and Economic Development

1644 words - 7 pages to the global market economy that is hugely dominated by the West. The transition of Russia from its post-communist realm transformed both its economic and political systems including how the state articulates majority of its governance. The country’s fully abandonment its socialist ethics and this cost Russia and its people dearly. While the rest of worlds consider globalization as an economic advancement and political enlightenment, Russia still

Relationship between Human Capital, Education, Health and the Economic Development

3248 words - 13 pages Relationship between Human Capital, Education, Health and the Economic DevelopmentIntroductionThe economic growth in general terms has three objectives which are economic development; social equity, and environmental conservation. Economic development means the well being of the people and elimination of poverty. The social equality contains access to basic needs such as health, education; human security and rights; gender equity; and

The Causal Relationship Between Financial Development and Economic Growth

725 words - 3 pages refers to Patrick’s identification of two possible patterns in the causal relationship between financial development and economic growth. The first, called “demand-following”, growth generates an expansion of financial development, as the real side of an economy develops. The second pattern is termed “supply-leading” and consists of the notion that the expansion of the financial system, reallocating resources from savers to investors, induces

Corruption and its Impact on Economic Growth and Development

10433 words - 42 pages tends to adversely effect the rate of development in the Economy.Thesis Statement:Corruption negatively impacts economic growth by creating distortionary effects in the economy. It has an even more significant impact on economic development by virtue of its negative relationship with the determinants of economic welfare.Policy Implications----- what should and Should not be done.Corruption has a significant positive relationship with government

Recommendations on a suitable market to enter, justifying its choice based on that country's competitiveness, political stability, infrastructure, economic growth and its overall market potential

2682 words - 11 pages difficult to build an image of the product.5.0 CONCLUSIONSelecting a market to enter comes with a number of issues, for it to work. It will be important to ensure that the company business objectives are aligned with the market of choice, taking into consideration the competitiveness, political stability, infrastructure, economic growth and its overall market potential.REFERENCE:Arens, W. (2002), Contemporary Advertising, New York, McGraw Hill

To what extent were political, economic, and social development between the Revolutionary War and the ratification of the Constitution, a reflection of the colonists' dreams for independence

646 words - 3 pages colonists' dreams begin to dim. The political, economic, and social development between the ending of the Revolutionary War and the ratification of the Constitution was not an accurate reflection of the colonists' dreams for independence.The colonists hoped that after the Revolutionary War and their separation from England, creating a functioning government would be smooth sailing. However, the creation of the Articles of Confederation made that

How is Political Corruption (Nepotism, Collusion and Embezzlement) affecting the Economic Development of Guinea?

896 words - 4 pages or in years past. Guinea is among the 5 most corrupt nations in Africa and then top ten in the world according to 2006 ranking by Transparency International and Guinea’s deteriorating reputation for corruption can seriously affect the economic development of Guinea-- threatening city services, choking economic growth and increasing drug trafficking. Guinea’s low rank is because of the infamous disruptive nationwide strikes that occurred in 2007

Discuss the historical development of one ethnic group in Malaysia and the impact on its current identity, political position and its perception of other ethnicities in Malaysia

2477 words - 10 pages informal socialization This paper seeks the answer to how is the historical development of the Chinese in Malaysia and the impact on its current identity, political position and its perception of other ethnicities in Malaysia.The society in Malaysia is divided into major ethnic groups, each with its respective racial, religious, linguistic and cultural identities. The ethnic composition of this country comprises two major constitutional categories

The European Union, its development, the steps taken in the development, the economic details regarding the Union and Future prospects of the union

3167 words - 13 pages creation of a single market and the European EMU has proved successful as it has been well accepted by Europeans and those worldwide.The Single Market and the many common policies were set up to improve Europe and its union. However, Economic and monetary union became the next logical step to the single market and a major political milestone on the road to a united Europe.Monetary Union in the case of the EU is a three stage process which began

Similar Essays

The Course Of Political Development In Uganda And Its Effect On Economic Development

3567 words - 14 pages The Course of Political Development in Uganda and its Effect on Economic Development Development has recently become a new buzz word in international relations. Through an exploration of political, social and economic development around the globe, scholars are trying to understand which policies are most beneficial, and why certain policies are effective and why some fail. The connection between different types of development is often an

Political And Economic Development Of Canada

745 words - 3 pages Political and Economic DevelopmentAn important part of political science is the study of differences between countries. More specifically, the study of political differences as well as economic ones. For this paper, we were asked to look at the levels of political and economic development. Also, we were asked to take a look at the key issues involving the economy which are being considered in the political system. My country of interest for this

Economic Development And Its Repercussion On Environment

985 words - 4 pages produce goods and services, and we emit wastes into the environment in the process of both producing and consuming. Effects of environmental pollution due to economic development has its immense impact all over the world. From global warming to deforestation, from over utilization of non-renewable resources to ozone layer depletion. Recent Uttrakhand tragedy is the best example of this. Global warming cause an unexpected flood and the whole Uttrakhand

Economic Development And Its Repercussion On Environment

985 words - 4 pages produce goods and services, and we emit wastes into the environment in the process of both producing and consuming. Effects of environmental pollution due to economic development has its immense impact all over the world. From global warming to deforestation, from over utilization of non-renewable resources to ozone layer depletion. Recent Uttrakhand tragedy is the best example of this. Global warming cause an unexpected flood and the whole Uttrakhand