30 March 2010
Take Home Essay #2
The conflict theory is important in modern Sociology. Conflict theory; is understood to be a deduction of civilization as a fight for authority linking groups that are struggling for limited means. (Ray, 2008-2010) In the attempt to analyze the general structures of societies Sociologist use the conflict theory as an alternative method over functionalism. (Wolf & Wallace, 2006) The concept of the conflict theory was developed during the classical period of Sociology, when the only contributors to the field of study were scientists and theorists. Karl Marx happens to be the theorist whom developed the conflict theory. In correspondence with Karl Marx, Max Weber was considered the other historical influence to the modern conflict theory because of their writings.
Although, the writings of both Marx and Weber where on similar topics they had different viewpoints and came from two different theorists groups. Marx views and writings coincided with the theorists that believed that it is the theorist's moral obligations to critique society. That the there is a possibility, in principle, for a society to no longer have grounds for social conflict. (Wolf & Wallace, 2006) Weber's views were the opposite and focused on overall life. He was a part of the group of theorists that rejected the ideas where social science conclusions were found necessary to science with the same canon of objectivity as it refers to the natural sciences.
Karl Marx was a believer in there being only two categories of people: capitalist and working class. He used what the Enlightenment's have, to identify their rationalization and progressive convocations through a humanistic social order. Marx's theory of industrial society was developed for the purposes to improve social change among the human condition in society. It viewed human beings as free and capitalism as a mode of production that enslaves people through institutional arrangements. This gave a description of the relationship between wage labor and capital. (Farganis, 2008) Marx's theory had exposed the nature of the relationship between the different classes challenging private property and individual freedom corporations to improve human conditions in society. He ended up calling for a destruction of capitalism and emancipating the development of mankind. The only reason that Marx's wanted for the destruction was to liberate the proletariat form denomination because of the class interests that the capitalist society had regulated within their rules. The emancipatory view that Marx had provided formed the foundation of his theory excluding his empirical analyses. And he made the claim that there should be equality of all with including having the security of all communist members participating in "social, political, and economic life of the community."...