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Confliction In The Antebellum Union Essay

873 words - 4 pages

Conflicts of ideals in the newly “freed” United States increased during the antebellum era, ultimately because of the long-driven question of freedom and liberty. Many people believed that to be free and have liberty was to be able to own land and property. This brought on the idea of the “freedom” to take the land that the Native Americans had been living on and the spreading of the institution of slavery. These issues both lead to an eventual division of the Union, causing the Civil War.
Native Americans, namely the Cherokees, had been living on the lands of the eventual Americas without European contact for years until the 1700s. After contact was made and America had gained freedom, ...view middle of the document...

This ideal was usually seen in the South, since most of the Northern states had decided to abolish slavery or decided on gradual emancipation. As the United States gained more land, the issue of where slavery would be allowed began to crop up. With the establishment of the Northwest Ordinance by the Congress of the Confederation, territories above the Ohio River would have a ban on slavery, while territories south would not. While this could be seen as an antislavery victory for the North, there was still allowable slavery below the Northwest Ordinance and for people who owned slaves while living in the territories before the ordinance. Many in the South felt that the northerners were “propos[ing] to reduce them to slaves” when the abolitionists and the government spoke of ending the expansion of slavery to the west. Some, like James Henry Hammond, a planter from South Carolina thought that the idea of equality between the whites and the blacks was not a feasible idea, and that slavery should be able to spread because those who were citizens of the United States wanted it to.
In the years before the Civil War, the inequalities of ideals between the North and the South further continued to split the nation until it in turn was a “nation divided”. The removal of the Cherokee nation from the American land east of the Mississippi River continued to gain people from the North who rallied against the horrible treatment of the natives and the unrightfully stealing of their lands. People from the South,...

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