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Conflicts Between Arab And Israeli What Are The Roots Of The Conflict?, What Were The Events Since 1948, What Were The Recent Events And The Current Situation?

1026 words - 4 pages

Conflicts Between Arab and IsraeliThe Roots of the ConflictToday, both Jews and Arabs live in Palestine, each calling it theirs. Both sides have religious claims for the land: whilst Solomon's Temple was is Jerusalem, along with the place that Abraham nearly sacrificed his son, Isaac, making it the holiest Jewish site, the Dome of the Rock contains the rock from which Mohammed left for heaven -making it the third most holy Muslim site.Additionally, many people from both sides have lived in the land for many years. The Jews lived there nationally from before 1200BC and Solomon's Temple until 70AD with the first Diaspora. Arabs lived in the land from 642AD, when they conquered it, and have been there ever since, though recently in lesser numbers. 400 years of the Arab 1400 were spent under Ottoman rule.This gives each side a strong historical and religious claim to the land - both sides have holy sites within the land, and both parties have had many people inhabiting it for around 13-1400 years, and this has made both sides unwilling to compromise on the issue.Events since 1948In 1948, the United Nations gave each side, Arabs and Jews, roughly 50% of Palestine. The Jews worked hard as a nation to expand their state's territory within the region of Palestine. Immediately, Israel was attacked by several Arab states, including Syria, Transjordan and Egypt. Israel managed to win this war using highly mobile armies, and as a result many Palestinian Arabs were driven out of the land of Palestine. Israel now owned around 75% of the land of Palestine, having taken half of the land that the UN had given to the Palestinian Arabs.In 1967, Israel struck out at Syria, Egypt and Jordan, who were mobilising against Israel. They took large swathes of land including the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights and Sinai all the way to the Suez. Although Palestinians in these areas had been told by their own side to remain, around 300,000 Palestinian Arabs fled into nearby Arab countries, creating an enormous refugee problem for these countries.After Israel agreed to give much of Sinai back to Egypt, the West Bank was the next biggest area that they had conquered. It also contained the religious city of Jerusalem, which was of great importance to both sides. It also allowed Israel the easily defended border of the River Jordan. However, to maintain her grip on these lands, Israel needed to have more people settling in these areas. The Knesset, under the leadership of Moshe Dayan, voted that Israel should begin encouraging people to settle in these areas. Kibbutzim and Moshava were opened, under the claim that the settlements were for defensive purposes. By 2006, there were over 150 Jewish settlements in the West Bank, mostly agricultural but with some more industrial. Israel's winning of the West Bank created many refugees, and Israel refused, and still does, to let them return to their land. Israeli policy on Jerusalem has remained the same since the Jews...

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