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Conflicts Of A Madman In Poe's "A Tell Tale Heart" Edgar Allen Poe

1461 words - 6 pages

When we try to define human nature, we must consider the balance of both good and evil or light and dark. Many times these qualities exist simultaneously and maintain a balance, but sometimes this stability is lost and the "darker side" surfaces. Have you ever wondered what it takes to push someone over the edge? In Edgar Allen Poe's "The Tell-Tale Heart," the narrator posses four qualities of mental instability that seem to contribute to his horrible crime - nervousness, delusions of grandeur, violence, and auditory hallucinations.The first and perhaps most obvious symptom of mental illness exhibited by the narrator is nervousness. This nervousness is apparent in the first line of the story: "True! - nervous - very, very dreadfully nervous I had been and am; but why will you say that I am mad"(34)? The narrator seems nervous because he does not want the reader to think that he is mad. It is very important to him that the reader sees what effort he has put into the crime. I find it interesting that the narrator feel the need to defend his sanity in the first line of the story, because the reader does not yet know the details of the story. We see this nervousness again on the eighth night as he is staring at the "vulture eye" (34). He describes the beating of the heart, and he attributes it to the terror that the old man is feeling. He is in fact hearing the beating of his own heart. He says "I have told you that I am nervous: so I am"(35). In his nervousness, the sound of the beating heart "incited me to uncontrollable terror"(36). His nervousness that a neighbor may hear the sound urges him to kill the man. The fact that he attributes his own fear and nervousness to the old man once again points to a mental instability.This leads to yet another symptom of mental illness - delusions of grandeur. To show how sane he is, the narrator begins to go into elaborate detail describing the preparations for murder. "You should have seen me. You should have seen how wisely I proceeded - with what caution - with what foresight - with what dissimulation I went to work"(34)! He takes great pride in his patience and stealth as he enters the old man's room every night for a week. "It took me an hour to place my whole head within the opening so far that I could see him as he lay upon his bed. Ha! - would a madman have been as wise as this"(34)? Even as he brags about himself, he still worries about whether or not the reader thinks that he is a madman. We once again see delusions of grandeur when he describes "the wise precautions that I took for concealment of the body"(36). He has "replaced the boards so cleverly, cunningly...there was nothing to wash out - no stain of any kind - no bloodspots anywhere. I had been too wary for that"(36). He places great emphasis on his wisdom in dealing with the disposal of the body, that he does not associate it with the brutality of the crime.His mental illness also manifests itself in the narrator's lack of insight into his...

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