This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Confusianism And Ancient Chinese Culture: How It Shaped The China Of Today

1177 words - 5 pages

It cannot be denied that a country’s philosophy plays a big part in its method, direction and time of progressing as a nation. It is important to note as well that these ideologies shaped not only countries as a whole, but also their citizens and their livelihoods.
The given principle holds true for the history of ancient China and its influence on the modern China we see today. Chan (1901) states in his book that Confucius (551-479 B.C.) can truly be said to have molded Chinese civilization in general [through his teachings and his ideologies]. While there are many textbooks today that explain the background of Confucianism, it is difficult to find one that definitively explains a particular aspect of its history: how it initially failed to be adopted by China before it claimed the renowned success the world knows today. While history cannot provide the true events that led up to Confucianism’s failure at this point, it does provide several contexts and reliable references that help in explaining the phenomenon. Given this, I believe that Confucianism’s early failure can be attributed to several factors such as the conflict between China’s ancient philosophies and Confucianism, the culture practiced in ancient China, as well as the perceived inconsistencies presented in the Analects of Confucius. This paper will elaborate on these three aspects of China’s history and relate them with the early history of Confucianism to explain the failures it faced before becoming widely accepted.
The first aspect that led up to Confucianism’s initial failure is the conflict present between China’s ancient philosophies and Confucianism. While Confucianism revolved around humanism and the qualities of a good government, Schwartz (1985) states that China’s ideologies mostly revolved around divination before and during the Shang Dynasty (1600BC-1046BCE) before Confucianism was present in the Chou, Chin and Han dynasty. Smith (1961) further elaborates on this by explaining the relevance of the Oracle Bones to the present knowledge of the Shang Dynasty and its religious practices, particularly the elaborate funeral sites that denoted a system of religious and social customs. He states:
Given the link between the two [Oracle Bones and Religion], it was believed that the passing of a king meant the transition of that king to the realm of the primeval ancestor, which can be thought of as an "ascent" into the "heavens," though these words should be understood with caution. Additionally, the primeval ancestor was associated with guardianship and fecundity. (…) The ancestors and the primeval ancestor, therefore and in these ways, had an active interest in the lands they originally oversaw.
This explains that Confucius, in his time, was challenging a religion that allowed rulers to claim a right of worship through a lineage that was inaccessible to common people. He challenged the definition of nobility to be a matter of character, and not a matter of blood (Chan,...

Find Another Essay On Confusianism and Ancient Chinese Culture: How it Shaped the China of Today

The Counterculture African Slaves Created, And How It Shaped America

1440 words - 6 pages Black slaves in music; art; religion; language; and science have helped shape American culture as we know it today. The United States of America could possibly be a completely different country if it were not for the African-American slaves who were brought to the new world under the bonds of servitude. They brought with them a culture that helped to define America.Works Cited "African American Music." Encarta Online. 20 June, 2001 Black English

Reverse Euhemerization and How It Applies to Chinese Culture in General, Specifically to the Yellow Emperor

558 words - 2 pages be human.Bodde goes on to discuss the reverse process of euhemerization as used by Chinese scholars. He refers to it only as euhemerization, but says of it, " [a]s commonly used by writers on Chinese mythology, however, "euhemerization" denotes precisely the opposite process [to the one just described]: the transformation of what were once myths and gods into seemingly authentic history and human beings" (Bodde 48). Apparently, Chinese historians

The History of Cryptography and How it is Used Today

1438 words - 6 pages . These have expanded the interest of cryptography around the world and brought cryptography to a whole new professional level (Davies, 1997). Today, cryptography is used pervasively throughout electronic communication, which is the most common form of communication today. However, it has shifted to controlling access to plain text of data that is protected by those deemed to have lawful rights to access, rather than the control of the actual

Ancient Civilizations And How They Relate To Today. Speaks Of Ancient Egypt, Rome And Greece

4893 words - 20 pages I definitely one ongoing struggle that will hopefully one day be settled.Another struggle that is still here somewhat today is that of social classed and some people not being accepted. If you look at it, there are still social classes: upper class, middle class, and lower class. Even the government uses these terms. Also, someone might not marry someone because of how much money they have. So, social classes are another ongoing struggle.There

The Image of Womanhood in Ancient History and Today

2124 words - 8 pages childrearing against their will, to have the right to make up their own mind as to who they would vote for or against, to choose how they would benefit our society as per their own intuition and prerogative. This is a fairly new venture, one that has occurred in the last hundred years in the United States. Often it seems that we are recreate the rules, the image of womanhood is being changed into something that is not as it has always been. There has

The Culture and History of China

1859 words - 7 pages ideas of the Confucian texts were very inspirational and influential as they began to use his style of writing as well as the basis of his ideas to start their writing. It is remarkable how the writing of a man who lived over 3000 years ago can still be inspiring people today in China to cherish literature and be amazed by his books. Confucius has had many major impacts on the philosophy of ancient and modern China which are shown through his

Comparing and contrasting the ancient civilizations of Egypt and China

528 words - 2 pages The ancient civilizations of Egypt and China were very similar in many different aspects. Their governments and their geography were extremely alike and the religions of the two civilizations had only tiny differences. The early Egyptians also had the same concept of writing as the Chinese people who lived across the continent from them. Suprisingly, these two ancient civilizations that existed very far away from each other show a enormous

Devil take the Hindmost (A history of financial speculation) - by Edward Chancellor. A summary of the book which discusses speculation and how it has shaped the western world

1282 words - 5 pages Devil take the Hindmost (A history of financial speculation) - by Edward ChancellorJason MurdochThis book discusses speculation and how it has shaped the western world. The book spans from the Romans to Modern day but in keeping with the theme of this course observations will be restricted to the pre 1900 section as much as possible. The book focuses on western economies as the Asian world considers the whole stock trading for profit as being

How the variety of chinese food is related to chinese culture

1334 words - 5 pages slowly and steadily catching up and filling in the gaps that keep it from being a strong country, as in respect toward its large variety of food (Chang).Works CitedChang, K.C. Food in Chinese Culture: Anthropological and Historical Perspectives. New Haven: Yale UP, 1977."Chinese New Year Tradition." AsiaRecipe.Com. 30 Jan. 2003.chinewyear.html>.Gernet, Jacques. Daily Life in China on the Eve of the Mongol Invasion 1250-76. Stanford: Stanford UP

Successful Points of the Ancient Chinese Civilization

594 words - 2 pages Chinese civilization together in times of conflict and political division. FAMILY A Chinese family was traditionally very large. It was what would be called an "extensive family" today. The grandparents, parents, and children of one family all lived together. It was considered a sign of good luck and happiness, if five generations lived together at one time. In Ancient China, the family was a strict hierarchy: father sons (oldest to

The Culture of Ancient Rome

2946 words - 12 pages , there is no doubt that they were still very innovative and advanced in the world of science and technology. Here are a few of the Ancient Romans most creative inventions. Toilets Imagine a world without toilets- how disgusting would that be? Bits of sewerage would be everywhere… Well, that’s what the Ancient Romans were thinking too. So, like every other challenge they came up against, they fixed it- with the invention of toilets. Toilets in

Similar Essays

Chinese Proverbs During The Time Of Ancient China

1413 words - 6 pages lesson to its readers on how to lead their lives. Chinese proverbs derive from old literature, myths, and historical events from ancient China. These expressions serve as a purpose to educate about the ethics of being a human being. Many proverbs come from the works of philosophers and poets. Chinese proverbs have lived for thousands of years and will continue to live for many more years to come. Bibliography "Chengyu Stories, Chinese

Ancient Chinese Culture Essay

1053 words - 4 pages . Beginning in Shang times, texts inscribed on bones from tombs show us that writing was already a major element in Chinese culture. The Chinese language is unlike the languages of Eurasia, which were created by cross-fertilization from trade and military conquests. China continues to use a logographic system today– bearing a very strong resemblance to the writing of three thousand years ago - as opposed to alphabets. Being one of the oldest continually

Ancient Chinese Medicine How Was Medicine Practised In Ancient China? What Methodes Did They Use?

542 words - 2 pages Ancient Chinese MedicineChinese medicine was an effort made by several people which contributed to the advancement in this field. The Book of Rites, a manual for ceremonies written in the Zhou dynasty (1100 BC -256 BC), records the court physicians' division of medical teaching into internal medicine, surgery, nutrition and veterinary practice. The Yellow Emperor's Canon of Internal Medicine, which appeared during the Warring States period (475

About The Ancient Egyptian Religion And Personal Thoughts On How It Compares To Our Lives Today

888 words - 4 pages tell us what happens so we fear it and hate it. The Egyptians embraced it. From the day that we live we start to die, and nothing can change that. What we can change, however, is our view at life and death. Death to the Egyptians was celebrated not feared, because unlike today where it is viewed as the ending of everything we know and love, they saw a new beginning. To them it was a chance to start over or have a great adventure, not an end to