In this essay I shall be identifying the comparisons and contrasting the differences between the following six poems which I have read and analysed in my English lessons. ‘Havisham’ (Duffy), ‘The Laboratory’ (Browning), ‘November’ (Armitage), ‘Stealing’ (Duffy), ‘On My First Sonne’ (Johnson) and ‘Education for Leisure’ (Duffy). I will discuss how each poem has connotations of death and express violence through powerful use of language, structure and imagery. I will go into depth on why the characters behave the way in which they do, what they blame it on and why they hold this accountable. Even though there are differences in the characters I will be exploring how confusion is caused due to the instability of their emotions such as grief, jealousy, anger and madness.
‘Education for Leisure’ is a poem about an individual who feels that they have been neglected by the world for too long and decides that it is now time for them to make a stand and become known by the world. They are a psychotic character who feels undervalued as a result of their treatment from others. They feel it is time to ‘play God’, It shocks the reader at the end as they are directly spoken to by the person in this poem as they say, ‘I touch your arm,’ this frightens the reader because it is the first time that they are addressed directly by the narrator. It seems that this person has a condition of some kind which gives him the compulsive urge to channel his anger through violence. ‘I’ is repeated throughout the poem to show the characters egotism, also ‘Signing on’ shows that this character feels that they should be giving out autographs. Duffy may intend to show that the fact that this person is unemployed is putting them under stress which in turn leads to them breaking out into a frenzy of violence. The poem ends in a violent cliff hanger opposes a threat to the reader.
In 'Stealing' we appear to be confronted with a person who has no emotions and shows no affection to others. There is no morality as to why this person steals only that they steal out of boredom. The poem is colloquial but the person speaking uses unpredictable vocabulary such as "he looked magnificent".
In 'The laboratory' we see another individual like the person in 'Education for leisure' who feels that it is their time to be recognised by somebody and is being eaten away at by the fact that her husband has found a new lover and is having an affair, she is paranoid because she feels that the two people concerned are both purposely having an affair so she takes it upon herself to poison the woman in hope that she can have her acquaintance back.
The characters in 'Education for leisure' and the 'Laboratory' are both individuals who feel that they are not being taken notice of and that they need to do something drastic in order for people to take them seriously. Both individuals believe that taking a life is the only way to get their message across and are driven by their hatred of life to...