Congress: Budget Bill Essay

2962 words - 12 pages

In the US the Congress must pass budget bills to give appropriations to different things to help this country run. It can be a very difficult process if the president and Congress belong to different parties because of their opposing views. It takes a lot of effort, compromising, patience, and will to have a bill passed. In this paper I will talk about different budget bills, the Congressional Committees they must go through, the president’s part in shaping/passing the bill, what the final bill will look like, the positives and negatives of the bill, and why I think it will or will not become a part of the budget. I hope to accomplish helping you learn more about Obama’s 2014 budget.
One budget bill that went through congress was the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014 that had started out as Space Launch Liability Indemnification Extension Act. It had been introduced on November 20, 2013. Its sponsor is Lamar Smith. It had become public law on January 17, 2014. The HORs voted on January 15, 2014 with 359 yes, 67 no, and 7 not voting (roll call vote). The senate voted on January 16, 2014 with 72 yes, 26 no, 2 not voting (roll call vote). This bill when it started out was made to expand the government’s responsibility for third-party claims coming from commercial space launches. Now it also includes different divisions that include. This makes the bill an omnibus spending bill. This bill also contained some riders about pro-life, banning the application of light bulb energy efficiency standards, limiting the EPA’s rule-making ability to address the removal of waste from mining projects, and stops efforts by OPIC and EX-IM to limit the financial support given to fossil fuel power plants overseas.
Another bill is the National Nuclear Security Administration Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2014. It was introduced in October 3, 2013. Its sponsor is Rodney P. Frelinghuysen. The HORs have already voted on October 11, 2013 with 248 yes, 176 no, 7 not voting. The House had passed the bill without amending it. The Senate still has not voted at all. This bill wants $11.7 billion for NNSA (National Nuclear Security Administration) that would try to keep America safe by modernizing America’s nuclear weapons, aggressively try to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, and support the US Navy requirements. There also seem to be no riders added to this bill. There are not two versions of this bill so I cannot compare them.
The bill Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2014 has also not been made public law yet. It had been in introduced on June 17, 2013. Its sponsor is C. W. Bill Young. The House of Representatives passed it on July 24, 2013 with 315 yes, 109 no, and 9 not voting. It has been sent to the Senate where they have read it twice and had sent it to the Committee on Appropriations and the date set on the calendar No. 163. It has still not passed the Senate. This bill will appropriate money for active and reserved military personnel in the...

Find Another Essay On Congress: Budget Bill

Ways the executive branch of the U.S. goverment, through various laws and acts, gained power over the legislative and judicial brances.

1735 words - 7 pages of persuasion not commands. The president needs to induce them to believe that what he wants of them is what their own appraisal of their own responsibilities requires them to do in their interests. On the other hand, the president must sign all bills accepted by Congress to become a law. If he does not want to make the bill a law, the president has the power to return the unsigned bill to the legislator, in what is called a veto. If the president

Q. & A. on the Legislature

760 words - 3 pages are_______.A. Two ways in which Congress controls the finances of the nation are imposing taxes and controlling federal taxes.15. Q. The fact that the Senate and House must both pass the same bill but the separate legislative bodies would show the importance of which of the six principles of the Constitution?A. Since both the Senate and House must pass a bill represents promoting the general welfare.16. Q. The power to regulate commerce by

A Government Divided

1671 words - 7 pages are increasingly stressful since they need to focus on cutting the deficit and ensuring that their parties vote is heard (Wallsten, 2011). Many spectators have argued in favor of the Republican proposal since they are not trying to raise taxes. Moreover, since Congress has come back from holiday they have continue to silence the Presidents’ wishes and not pass the job bill nor agree to any of the measures he has continually crusade on. Despite

In what ways and why are the Committees of the US Congress so much more Powerful than the Committees of the House of Commons?

1141 words - 5 pages One of the first and most obvious differences is that the committees in congress have the ability to stop a proposed bill before it has even reached the floor of the reps or the senate. This shows immense power as effectively the committees in congress have more power than individual senators or representatives themselves.To further emphasize this point one only has to consider that in 1996, 6,808 bills were proposed and only 337 of them were

Comparing the Emplementation and Scrutinizing of Proposed Bills in the House of Commons and Congress

1910 words - 8 pages truth to say that Congress in session is Congress on public exhibition; whilst Congress in its committee-rooms is Congress at work." - Woodrow Wilson . A $1.7 trillion annual budget and congressional decentralization through the committee system allows lawmakers to specialize and make decisions on a wide range of complex topics. This is very different to the House of Commons (HoC), which has a much smaller budget and a less

Macroeconomics forecasting

1294 words - 5 pages forecasts prepared by the following financial institutions.* Congressional Budget Office (CBO)* Office of the Management and Budget (OMB)* Research Department - Federal Reserve Bank of PhiladelphiaThe following individual forecasts are compared:* Nominal GDP* Real GDP (Percentage Change)* GDP Price Index (Percentage Change)* Consumer Price Index (Percentage Change)* Unemployment Rate (Percent)* Three Month Treasury Bill Rate (Percent)* Ten Year Treasury

S 1150

1992 words - 8 pages significance of the "wet lands" that were being protected. Jerry informed me, while congress considered the wording of the bill and what it should include, he and a group of local farmers had first hand experience in dealing with Congress and the people doing the research on the bill. Unsatisfied as he was with the results, I found his experience fascinating, and we talked for hours. Although he understood the necessity to protect the

Congress

6590 words - 26 pages prestigious than others e.g. Judiciary, Armed Services and Appropriations.Two main functions in House and Senate:Conduct committee stage of bills in the legislative process by holding 'hearings' on the bill at which witnesses appear. Witnesses might be members of Congress, members from relevant departments or agencies, White House members, representatives from interest groups or professional bodies and also ordinary members of the public. Witnesses make

Congress and the Presidency: A Balancing Act

1803 words - 7 pages contingency. Even if a president gets his policy through Congress and signed into law, it is not a guarantee that Congress will appropriate the funds to implement the policy. An example of a money struggle occurred in 1995 when the Republican Congress was determined to have a balanced budget. Creating such a budget meant cutting funding to same major domestic programs such as Medicare, Medicaid, in addition to other major assistance programs. The

Who Really Has All the Power: The Executive, Legislative, or Judicial Branch of Government?

986 words - 4 pages anything that congress doesn’t approve of the executive branch they can’t do. Overall the legislative branch has some kind of check over any power that the executive branch has, theoretically the legislative branch leaves the executive branch powerless. The legislative branch has the power to create a budget, enact taxes, and create money. Congress chooses what to fund, and if their isn‘t enough funding congress can also borrow to make up the

Bicameral Legislature

1289 words - 5 pages vote. Bills- A proposed law. Not actually a law until congress votes and passes it, then the president must sign it. To introduce a bill members drop their idea into a box called a Hopper. After the bill is introduced the speaker of the house sends it to the appropriate committee for study, discussion, and review. Bills are then put onto the house calendars. Calendars- list bills that are up for consideration. 5 different calendars. Union calendar

Similar Essays

Congressional And Presidential Budgeting Process Essay

1413 words - 6 pages authority, outlays, revenue, and the budget surplus and deficit. (Anderson, 2006) Congress holds a prevalent position in this portion of the budgetary process as the resolution does not require presidential approval as it binds Congress and is not law. Congress, like the president has other advantages in the budget process as well. When Congress fears the president will not approve an appropriations bill, Congress will combine several

The Unorthodox Lawmaking Of The 2011 Federal Budget

1671 words - 7 pages textbook processes of creating laws and members of congress began to use several different techniques to block bills they saw as undesirable and to also push bills through that they supported. We can see several of these different relatively new congressional legislative techniques when analyzing the process of Bill S.365: Budget Control Act of 2011 and the the Health Care and Education Reconciliation of 2010. 2010 was an extremely active political

Chilean Budgeting System: Review Of Institutional Mechanisms And Institutions

1740 words - 7 pages with the Agencies are the spending units . Once the budget bill is presented to the Parliament by the NBO, the Chilean Congress has very limited powers to make important amendments: they just can cut some expenditures proposed by the government, but not increase nor reallocate funds. If it happens (it has not happened since 1990) that the Congress does not approve the budget by November 30th, the original proposal introduced by the government

The President Needs The Line Item Veto

3756 words - 15 pages cannot be stopped. The Line-item Veto Amendment should allow the president to review a law before it is signed and cut “(1) any dollar amount of discretionary budget authority; (2) any item of new direct spending; or (3) any limited tax benefit” (Stevens 17). But, this review process should take place before the bill is signed into law, and from this the bill may be returned to Congress. These cuts that the president may make must “(i) reduce