In the US the Congress must pass budget bills to give appropriations to different things to help this country run. It can be a very difficult process if the president and Congress belong to different parties because of their opposing views. It takes a lot of effort, compromising, patience, and will to have a bill passed. In this paper I will talk about different budget bills, the Congressional Committees they must go through, the president’s part in shaping/passing the bill, what the final bill will look like, the positives and negatives of the bill, and why I think it will or will not become a part of the budget. I hope to accomplish helping you learn more about Obama’s 2014 budget.
One budget bill that went through congress was the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014 that had started out as Space Launch Liability Indemnification Extension Act. It had been introduced on November 20, 2013. Its sponsor is Lamar Smith. It had become public law on January 17, 2014. The HORs voted on January 15, 2014 with 359 yes, 67 no, and 7 not voting (roll call vote). The senate voted on January 16, 2014 with 72 yes, 26 no, 2 not voting (roll call vote). This bill when it started out was made to expand the government’s responsibility for third-party claims coming from commercial space launches. Now it also includes different divisions that include. This makes the bill an omnibus spending bill. This bill also contained some riders about pro-life, banning the application of light bulb energy efficiency standards, limiting the EPA’s rule-making ability to address the removal of waste from mining projects, and stops efforts by OPIC and EX-IM to limit the financial support given to fossil fuel power plants overseas.
Another bill is the National Nuclear Security Administration Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2014. It was introduced in October 3, 2013. Its sponsor is Rodney P. Frelinghuysen. The HORs have already voted on October 11, 2013 with 248 yes, 176 no, 7 not voting. The House had passed the bill without amending it. The Senate still has not voted at all. This bill wants $11.7 billion for NNSA (National Nuclear Security Administration) that would try to keep America safe by modernizing America’s nuclear weapons, aggressively try to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, and support the US Navy requirements. There also seem to be no riders added to this bill. There are not two versions of this bill so I cannot compare them.
The bill Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2014 has also not been made public law yet. It had been in introduced on June 17, 2013. Its sponsor is C. W. Bill Young. The House of Representatives passed it on July 24, 2013 with 315 yes, 109 no, and 9 not voting. It has been sent to the Senate where they have read it twice and had sent it to the Committee on Appropriations and the date set on the calendar No. 163. It has still not passed the Senate. This bill will appropriate money for active and reserved military personnel in the...