As the current representative of the 9th district of Tennessee, Democratic Congressman Steve Cohen has emerged as a tactful candidate with goals in mind to help better the lives of his constituents through his representative style and his home-style.
Theory I: Redistricting, Gerrymandering, and Candidate Emergence
A congressional district is an electoral division of a state, electing and entitled to send one member to the United State House of Representatives. Districting is the initial set district, whereas redistricting is the process of drawing district boundaries after the decennial census and new population changes. Redistricting is a political process that affects the fortunes of incumbent House members, state legislators, governors, lobbyists, leaders of racial and ethnic groups, and congressional leadership, because of its impact of state legislature. The state legislature determines which party dominates its congressional delegation and which party gains majority control of the House itself. Because of this, districting is a tool generally used by politicians to seek personal, partisan, and factional advantage.
Davidson et al. state that redistricting is typically a state responsibility carried out by the legislature with impeding help from federal courts throughout the process. Congressional districting is regulated by two federal statutes. The first is the 1967 statue that mandates that all 50 states entitled to one or more seat create districts that are each represented by a single member. The second is the Voting Rights Act 1965, which requires that districts not dilute the representation of racial minorities. In addition to these statues, the Supreme Court constructed the Constitution to require districts to be nearly equal in population. Even with the placement of the 1965 and 1967 status, problems with districting continue.
Gerrymandering refers to district line-drawing that purposefully maximizes seats for one party or voting bloc. The term gerrymandering is coined from Governor Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts, who created an odd shaped district north of Boston, in an attempt to best benefit the Democratic Party in 1812. Since then, gerrymandering has been used to gain partisan advantage and to shape the political projections of politicians and racial and ethnic groups. The two most common gerrymandering techniques include packing and cracking, disappointingly both waste valuable votes in doing so. Packing has both an offensive and defensive strategy. Offensively, packing is to fill a district with many voters of one type to create a safe seat; typically used in partisan gerrymandering. Defensively, packing is to compress voters of one type into as few districts as possible to dilute their influence elsewhere. However, cracking is to spread as many voters of one type into as many districts as possible to dilute their influence; typically used in racial gerrymandering. Partisan and Racial gerrymandering are two common...