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Connecting The Dots: Juvenile Delinquency, Poverty, Education & Prevention

859 words - 4 pages

For years there has been a debate about what leads to juvenile delinquency. Two reasons repeatedly come up during the debate; Education level and poverty. The differences and similarities with these two reasons makes one see how this deduction came to be however; upon closer inspection one can notice how it isn’t one risk factor over another that causes delinquency but a combination of those factors. A child can come up in a rundown neighborhood with little to no money to spread around, but and doesn’t live anywhere near a good school within his district. Just by hearing this information, many people would think that this child has a very high chance of becoming a juvenile delinquent because of the said problems however; few take into consideration the psychological and biological risk factors in combination with the above said sociological problems or to put it more bluntly, you have to consider ones family.

At a quick glance, the above mentioned kid is doomed to a life of delinquency before he even has a chance to realize it. There are thousands of kids like it and yet, not everyone becomes a criminal or young delinquent. In order to know why one becomes a delinquent, you must look at their actions and the reasons behind it and other things such as if they had a friend with them at the time or not. This would fall under the scope of the social learning theory.

The Social learning theory talks about how both environmental and cognitive factors interact to influence human learning and behavior. Most only see how this can be applied one way but this can be applied to every aspect of one’s life.

In a video that aired on popular television show 60 Minutes, children who came from poverty lived normal lives. Children who were living out of vehicles in ghettos and under highways and raised by both parents or a close relative went to school every day and didn’t show any signs of delinquent behavior. This is directly attributed to the social learning theory because of the close living quarters. The children were living right on top of siblings and parents and pets which would make for a lot of interaction between the parent and child. Because these children didn’t exhibit signs of delinquent behavior it can be said that they were being brought up with good parenting but something needs to be done because it will not hold up for long. Sometimes the children feel as if they have to help fix the problem.

Some children feel like they have...

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