Connection Of European Trials Essay

3113 words - 12 pages

Connection of European Trials

The witch hunting trials that took place in Early Modern Period occurred across the expanse of Europe, including in its believers groups of people ranging from kings and popes to peasants and servants. Some historians argue that the witch trials of the Early Modern Period where not connected; that the trials where not related to each other and are not part of one large witch-hunt. Other historians argue that the witch hunting trials are related to each other by there similar characteristics. The Early-Modern witch trails where both related and separate entities that where born with the help of elite and common people’s belief in Catholic as well as Protestant locations including Geneva, Trier, Scotland, England, Bamberg, and Runchain.

One thing that both the Catholics and the Protestants did have in common was the belief that the Bible was the word of God. Partly because of this belief both Protestant and Catholics participated in the practice of witch hunting. John Calvin began the Calvinist movement that began in Geneva Switzerland. Calvin lived from AD 1509-1564 during the Early Modern Period. During the Protestant Reformation Calvin wrote about witches stating, “And Paul, after he has warned us that our struggle is not with flesh and blood, but with the princes of the air, with the powers of darkness, and spiritual wickedness [Eph. 6:12].”1 This passage that Calvin took from the Bible helps to illustrate the feelings of the new Protestant church toward witches and witchcraft. The passage also shows that the Protestant church, like the Catholics, believe that witches are a threat and that something must be done to dispose of their demonic and wicked presence. The demonic “princes of the air” had to be stopped and dealt with. The elite members and founders of the Protestant movement believe in, and want rooted out, witches.
As well as pointing out that the Calvinists need to be aware of witchcraft and to persecute witchcraft Calvin tells that the new church must be aware of enemies that are against the church. Calvin writes that, “Scripture makes known that there are not one, not two, nor a few foes, but great armies, which wage war against us. For Mary Magdalene is said to have been freed from seven demons by which she was possessed [Mark 16:9; Luke 8:2].”2 The church has armies of enemies that they must contend with. These enemies include demonic witches that possessed people. The Protestant church as well as the Catholic Church has to rid itself of the demonic presence that threatens to destroy it. Not only must the church battle the enemy of the Catholic church but it must also contend with the demonic demons that threaten the good God fearing people of Calvinist Europe.

The persecution of witches in the German town of Trier from 1581-1593 was one example of how witchcraft was condoned and encouraged by the upper elite class of the city. An account of the...

Find Another Essay On Connection of European Trials

Trials after the Holocaust Essay

1279 words - 5 pages - "The Indictments." Courtroom Television Network. <http: //www.courttv.com/casefiles/nuremberg/indictments. html> (25 October 1998). - Landau, Ronnie S. The Nazi Holocaust. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1994. - Langer, Lawrence L. Admitting the Holocaust. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. - Marrus, Michael R. "The Nuremberg Trial: Fifty Years After." The American Scholar, Autumn 1997, 563-570. - "Nurnberg Trials." Britannica Online. <http: //www.eb. com:180/cgi-bin/g? DocF=Micro1432161.html> (25 October 1998). - Yahil, Leni. The Holocaust: The Fate of European Jewry, 1932-1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Novo Nordisk Essay

1431 words - 6 pages through audits( novo nordisk website)By following these 3 fundamental steps Novo Nordisk have manage to succeed indoing business in the development countries, but also( really important) overcomecorruption. For example between an European country, like Italy, and an Asiancountry, like Thailand the only thing in common that we can have is the sametreatment and same Protocol. But their underlying cultures are different, so are theirway of thinking

National and European Identity

1717 words - 7 pages .441–460 Bailey, R 1983, the European Connection, Implications of EEC Membership, Oxford, Pergamum Press. Breakwell, G.M., 1996, Identity processes and social changes. In: Breakwell, G.M., Lyons, E. (Eds.), Changing European Identities: Social Psychological Analyses of Social Change, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford. Cram, L 2009, ‘Identity and European integration: diversity as a source of integration’, Nations and Nationalism, Vol.15, no.1, pp

A Biography of Nathaniel Hawthorne, Term Paper, including Bibliography.

1627 words - 7 pages greatest of American novels. I was also the first professional writer to be college educated and familiar with great European writers (Encarta Online). I focused my work on themes such as; initiation, guilt, pride, Puritan New England, my Italian background, allegory, symbolism, man vs. society, love vs. hate, fate vs. free will, isolation, ancestral sin, humanity's potential for cruelty, the dark side of people, and mortality. I am most famous

Discriminative Training on Two Different Luminance of Key Lights

1875 words - 8 pages red light (S+) and not rewarded when the key is illuminated with two red lights (S-). The subjects were given 60 trials (30 S+ and 30 S- trials). Then, the number of pecking during S- periods (30 seconds) was counted. The key light was turned off between each trial for an inter-trial interval (ITI) of 10 seconds. The second session was the same as the first session of discrimination training except for that the number of S+ and S- trial were

What is ATM?

3588 words - 14 pages set number of network resources dedicated to the connection between a specific source and destination, making it appear to the old telephone network that a circuit connection is established. This allows an ATM network to guarantee the same or greater quality of service for voice traffic as the old telephone network does, while at the same time providing a much greater level of service for data and video traffic than was previously available.2

Political Catalysts of the Great Witch hunts of Early Modern Europe.

4106 words - 16 pages states, had fewer witch trials and convictions; however, during the English Civil War when the country was torn apart and the judicial system was impaired, there was a huge rise in witchcraft convictions and several freelance witch hunters emerged, including Matthew Hopkins (the Witch-Finder General), all of which resulted in the worst period of witch hunting in English history.As we can see there certainly was a connection between weak (or

Religion and Genocide in Bosnia

1122 words - 4 pages the Nuremberg Trials. Before the Bosnian Genocide had officially started, Bosnia was politically split between three ethnicities: Bosniak (forty-four percent), Serbs (thirty-one percent), and Croatian (seventeen percent). The 1990 elections led to a government split by parties that represented each ethnicity of Bosnia. The Bosniak leader, Alija Izetbegovic, and the Bosnian Serb leader, Radovan Karadzic, did not agree with each other, so “[the

Globalization: Germany and the European Union

2442 words - 10 pages Along with every other nation around the globe, Germany has its own unique past. From the days previous to Bismarck to present time, the Germans have undergone significant trials and tribulations. Unfortunately for Germany the world will forever equate German history with Hitler and the Third Reich. As educated people, we need to be able to get past this stigma and appreciate the Germans for who they truly are. After the ending of the

athens rome

845 words - 3 pages consent of people, through their rep. in parliament , in order to tax and change laws European Philosophers: &#61623; John Locke-natural rights (people were born with life, liberty, and property), when gov’t established, there is a social contract btwn. the people and gov’t, if the gov’t does not meet needs of people, people can form new gov’t.-ideas incorporated in DI &#61623; Montesquieu-French-no one person was allowed to make, enforce

The Salem Witch Trials: The Beginning of the Hysteria

858 words - 4 pages The Salem Witch Trails in Massachusetts could be considered a horrendous, dramatic event. The European settlers from England passed the tales of fairies, vampires, and of course, witches, to the newer generations. Later, frightened neighbors accused one another of The Devil's Magic (Blumberg). It was children cursing each other, and adults accusing one another. There has been a belief of witches for thousands of years. Europeans were

Similar Essays

Comparing The Salem Witch Trials, European Witchcraft Craze And The Mc Carthy Hearings

1712 words - 7 pages Comparing the Salem Witch Trials, European Witchcraft Craze and the McCarthy Hearings The evidence of witchcraft and related works has been around for many centuries. Gradually, though, a mixture a religious, economical, and political reasons instigated different periods of fear and uncertainty among society. Witchcraft was thought of as a connection to the devil that made the victim do evil and strange deeds. (Sutter par. 1) In the sixteenth

Drugs: The Blood Diamonds Of The Pharmaceutical Industry

1508 words - 6 pages Enter any drug store in the United States, and you are instantly surrounded by thousands of drugs. They vary in size, color, strength and price. Some are easily obtained off the counter, while pharmacists hold others under lock and key. Despite the vast assortment available, they all have one process in common. Clinical trials. Before we can take them for our headaches, hypertension and hypoglycemia they all undergo the rigorous process of

European Witch Hunts 1350 Present Essay

1459 words - 6 pages In order for history to repeat itself, it has to start somewhere right? The European witch hunts can be traced back to around 1450 and last well into the 18th century. The European witch hunts, much like the Salem witch trials happened because of rejection of rapid social, economic, and religious transformation. (Jones Gendercide Watch: European Witch Hunts). Often during times of rapid change it takes a while for reforms to be made or for

Genderising The Salem Witchhunt (Feminist Piece) Paul Boyer And Stephen Nissenbaum's Salem Possessed And The Devil In The Shape Of A Woman By Carol Karlsen

1039 words - 4 pages "inheriting women" as being socially vulnerable in a patriarchal culture. Karslen examines the Historical context of transferal of property to widows and the ever diminishing size of the average land holdings and the ensuing trials at Salem in 1692. Nissenbaum also makes the conclusion that land is becoming scarce but fails to make the connection between the increasing accusations of Witch craft and female land ownership."Clashes of economic