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Consanguineal Kinship Essay

562 words - 3 pages

Anthropologists study kinship because it is arguably one of the most basic components of culture. In all societies, kinship is pervasive and given sufficient population levels it is also complex. The study of kinship allows for anthropologists to understand an individual’s identity and actions. Consanguineal kinship is based on relatives who are related through blood. For example, an individual’s brother or child is their consanguineal kin. In “Polyandry: When Brothers Take a Wife,” by Melvyn C. Goldstein and in “Complexities: Beyond Nature & Nurture,” by Susan McKinnon consanguineal kinship is reviewed and analyzed in different cultures.
In “Complexities: Beyond Nature & Nurture,” the author states over time social scientists have “articulated accounts of human psychology.” (McKinnon 106) This explains “contemporary forms of kinship” in different cultures. (McKinnon 107) Mckinnon argues that consanguineal kinship is the strongest and closest degree of kinship. This directly influences kinship behavior, which results in “higher altruistic behavior.” (McKinnon 107) McKinnon analyzes the argument of how parents treat their offspring. “Driven to maximize their own reproductive success, people wish to ‘invest’ only in their own genetic children and do not want to ‘waste’ resources on children that are not genetically their own.” (McKinnon 107) McKinnon states that because of the disbursement of limited resources, people often ensure the success of those who are closely related. The closer one individual is related to another, usually by means of blood, equates to the individual giving more economic and available resources to that blood relative. Although McKinnon does go on to admit there are exceptions to this rule, for most cases this is how people act within relationships.
In Tibet, because of the economic benefits and fear of...

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