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Agree Or Disagree: Both President Kennedy And President Johnson Were More Successful In Dealing With Domestic Affairs Than Foreign Affairs

2937 words - 12 pages

Both President Kennedy and President Johnson were more successful in dealing with domestic affairs than foreign affairs. Kennedy focused on domestic policies such as Economic Policies and Civil Rights, while Johnson focused on domestic affairs such as the War on Poverty, Education and Health and Civil Rights.In President Kennedy's foreign policy, Kennedy had a new philosophy. He first tried to move away from Secretary of State, John Dulles's "black and white" world. Kennedy was prepared to recognize middle countries as long as they followed peace. Second, he moved away from "massive retaliation" with "flexible response", which stated that there will be an effort to expand military resources, such as spreading army units. Third, he moved away from the Alliance System by using the United States' own economic resources to stop Communist expansion. As a result, the Peace Corps was established, which consisted of young men and women helping improve underdeveloped countries. Secondly, Kennedy's foreign policy also focused on Latin America. On January 1, 1959, Castro had seized control of Cuba. Because of this, many upper and middle class Cubans fled to Florida because they feared the revolutionary regime. Now, refugee camps in Florida called the United States to get rid of Castro. At the same time, the U.S. had grown hostile toward Castro, because Castro had seized American property in Cuba. In the late 1959, early 1960, Eisenhower and the Republicans gave orders to the CIA to train the Cuban refugees to re-invade Cuba secretly. After Kennedy came into office, he gave consent for the continuation of this project. Finally, in April 1961, 1,200 Cuban refugees invaded the southern Cuban coast known as the Bay of Pigs. The United States government made a fatal mistake when they thought that once the Cuban army arrived on Cuban shores, the native Cubans would rise up and overthrow Castro. However, that didn't happen, which caused the army to be surrounded. At the last moment, the military asked to use air strikes but JFK refused. Later, the U.S. would pay $65 million worth of medical supplies as ransom to Cuba to get Cuban POW's back. Also focusing on Latin America, Kennedy also provided an Alliance for Progress. It was to be considered as the "Marshall Plan for Latin America". It was a system of United States aid, where it would help raise the standard of living and promote democracy and reduce dictatorships. For most of history, the U.S. does nothing about the military coups in Latin America. In 1963, there was a military coup in Peru that had seized power. In retaliation, Kennedy cut off economic aid, therefore forced the generals to cave in. Problems in Latin America were too great and too difficult to handle. Unlike Europe, Latin America didn't have a well trained workforce and no economic base. Thirdly, Kennedy focused on European problems as part of his foreign policy. At the Summit Conference between the U.S and Khrushchev and the U.S.S.R.,...

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