Consequences For Sustaining A Brain Injury

1803 words - 7 pages

Consequences for Sustaining a Brain Injury



Abstract
The consequences for sustaining brain injury of any magnitude can have a life changing effect on the individual and the family. Whether the person is an adult or a child their life changes drastically. There are various types of brain injuries; the one that is in detail in this paper is Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) of any degree. The obstacles a person has to overcome to become rehabilitated are numerous, tedious, and frustrating. The expenses that a person or family have to pay for rehabilitation are tremendous, and many cannot afford the treatments.

Brain Injury
Whether an adult or a child, suffers from brain injury of any degree, they have to overcome numerous obstacles in order to achieve rehabilitation. Each case differs greatly depending on the severity of the injury and the person’s physiology. A person suffering from TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury) may never fully recover from the damage that has occurred. The cost to complete rehabilitation may seem unlikely to most families. One would think that when a child suffers from brain injury it is more distressing, this is not true, and an adult suffering from brain injury can be just as devastating. In both cases, the individual’s family experiences the consequences of the injury. In order to understand what TBI is and how it differs from other brain injuries one would have to know the cause and the results of the injury sustained.
An estimated 5.3 million Americans (a little more than 2% of the U.S. population) currently lives with disabilities resulting from brain injury (. There are numerous types of brain injury: 1) TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury) results from damage to brain tissue caused by an external force. Leading causes of TBI are motor vehicles accidents, acts of violence, falls, sports and recreational injuries, lightening strikes, electric strikes, and blows to the head. 2) Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) results from damage to the brain caused by strokes, tumors, hypoxia, toxins, degenerative diseases, near drowning and/or other conditions not necessarily, caused by external forces. 3) Concussion results from a quick blow to the head by an external force. Every 21 seconds, one person in the U.S. sustains a brain injury (NIH 9-10). That is an amazing number, which means that over 4,000 people in the U.S. sustain a brain injury per day.
TBI has numerous complications and is not limited to a certain amount of symptoms. This makes it hard for doctors to say well what you see is what you have to deal with. TBI affects an individual neurologically, which hinders many day-to-day human functions. A person may not be as likely to show all of the symptoms at once. TBI patients are vulnerable to movement disorders, seizures, headaches, visual deficits, sleep disorders, and various no neurological problems.
The process of rehabilitation is taxing on the individual suffering from TBI and the...

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