Inequality focuses upon the way that resources are distributed across the whole society. In this distribution there are significant differences for children who come from varying social backgrounds. The study of such differences or inequalities has become one of the main concerns of sociological research in education. Sociologists have also paid attention to the consequences of inequality, and the ways in which inequalities are reproduced and transmitted from generation to generation.
The most basic question about inequality concerns the uneven distribution of rewards. Inequalities of income and wealth are central, but these are fundamentally different concepts. Income refers to the receipt of money or goods over a particular accounting. Research on class-based inequalities has been a hallmark of the sociological tradition since Karl Marx. Class analysis provides a different way of examining the impact of inequalities across a wide range of social domains. A variety of types of class plan have been developed as analytical tools. Much research on income and wealth inequalities has focused on examining trends over time.
One conclusion that is now universally agreed upon is that inequalities are growing rapidly at different rates in different countries. There are a number of theories about why inequalities around are growing. Educational inequality is the difference that certain students experience in their education as compared to other students. Measuring educational inequality is by the grades, test scores, drop-out rates, college entrance numbers, and college completion rates.
A lot of the research links the inequality to socio-economic, racial and geographic reasons. Although inequality has risen, rates of poverty have not significantly increased in most countries, as social provision through the public sector continues to play an important role in shoring up the well-being of low-income households .
Therefore, these issues are not something specific to the UK but exist world-wide
A focus on income or wealth inequality is but one side of the sociological examination of inequalities. Inequality of outcomes is status inequality. Inequality on the basis of status refers...