Assess the Consequences of the Bombing of Pearl Harbour to Japanese and U.S Relations
On December 7th 1941, the unanticipated assault of Pearl Harbor by a swarm of Japanese warplanes that struck the U.S. naval base took place. Within two hours, more than 2,300 Americans killed and 1,200 wounded, more than 200 aircrafts destroyed and 21 naval vessels were sunk. The attack on Pearl Harbor has significantly impacted America, which acted as the catalyst that brought the neutral country into World War II. Economical constraints placed by the U.S. forced the Japanese into a corner hindering their expansion. This ill intention resulted in Japan to act, leading to the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. The consequences of the assault were the American declaration of war against Japan, the atomic bombing on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan, and the settlement of internment camps of people of Japanese descents.
Historically, America and Japan had a good relationship until 1931, when the two countries’ relationship started deteriorating due to Japan decided to invade Manchuria, China. Japan’s aggression steadily increased which in 1937, the second Sino-Japanese War occurred. America’s USS Panay gunboat was targeted while patrolling on Yangtze River and shot down by a Japanese aircraft but Japan later apologised, called the incident as a mistaken identity and paid reparations of over two million dollars. This incident was the beginning that sparked the souring relationship between American and Japan. After Japan decides to invade nearby countries for its natural resources, it was Japan’s desire to sell the manufactured products was in direct conflict with American plans for Asia. Nevertheless, Japan was depended on the United States for resources for its war effort against China but due to the fact America doesn’t like the idea of selling Japan materials to use against China, they decided to embargo their trading. At this point, Japan decided to see America as a threat and therefore undergo months of planning the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Shortly after the attacks on Pearl Harbor, the United States Congress declared war on the Japanese Empire. President Roosevelt delivered his Infamy Speech stating the official evidence of America finally joining World War II, “.. a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese empire.” Initially, America was hesitant and reluctant into participating the second World War due to only recently covering from the Great Depression. The amount of young lives lost during the first World War amplified their decision to not participate in the war to avoid major repercussions. Before the attack on Pearl Harbor 80% of Americans did not want to get involved in a war since its damage is still prominent from...