Consider the difference between Common Sense and Sociological Thinking?
in this essay I, will look at the differences between sociological thinking and common sense. I will start off by explaining what common sense and sociological thinking are before going on to looking at the differences and similarities.
In this essay I will look at the differences between sociological thinking and common sense. – The oxford definition of common sense is ‘a good sense and sound judgement in practical matters’. This supports the view that common sense requires no evidence, the process doesn’t involve the use of research or statistical analysis. The notion of common sense changes amongst different societies and individuals, for example what’s acceptable in one society will be deemed completely unacceptable by another. On the other hand, sociological thinking refers to the study of human’s interaction with one another in society. This essay will cover hoe sociology challenges enables us to challenge social facts that have been accepted. I will briefly explain what common sense and sociological thinking are before going on to applying them to the concept of religion and Social Class.
One example will be the sociological explanations of the 2011 London Riots. The common opinion transmitted through the press and media was blaming the working class for the riots, this created the belief that working-class people were more likely to commit crimes than others and that they were the only ones involved. The Guardian (2011) quoted Boris Johnson ‘It’s time that people who are engaged in looting and violence stopped hearing economic and social justifications’. Karl Marx takes a more sociological approach arguing that large scale social change is caused by the working-class frustration. Marx would argue that the riots were inevitable and that the riots were a working-class revolution and not the less fortunate taking advantage. Marx (1948, p.967) stated ‘a radical change in the structure of society occurs when a class is transformed from a ‘class in itself’ to a ‘class for itself’.
In this paragraph, I’m going to use an example from sociological theorist who use their sociological explanations to gain a deeper insight into the concept of religion. Emile Durkheim (1858 – 1917) was a French sociologist who defined religion as ‘A religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say, things set apart and forbidden -- beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral community called a Church, all those who adhere to them.’. A key part of Durkheim’s definition is the absence of ‘God’, most religions are usually associated with worshipping a god of some sort, Durkheim’s explanation...