On the 22nd of November 1963, the 35th president of the United States of America, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald was charged with the crime, but was shot and killed two days later by Jack Ruby before he could be taken to trial. The Warren Commission officially determined that Oswald was the lone assassin, however, this conclusion has not been accepted by many. In fact, a 2003 poll reported that 75% of Americans do not believe that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone. Most believe that the assassination was the result of a conspiracy, though these same polls also show that there is no agreement on who else might have been involved. Most put forward the idea of involved parties such as Castro supporters, the Mafia, and the U.S Government.
The President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy, known unofficially as the Warren Commission, was established on November 27, 1963, by Lyndon B. Johnson to investigate the assassination of U.S President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. Its final report was presented to President Johnson on September 24, 1964, and was made public three days later. The Commission was conducted to evaluate matters relating to the assassination and the subsequent killing of the alleged assassin, and to report its findings and conclusions to him. The Commission's findings have since proven controversial and been both challenged and supported by later studies.
The report established the following:
- The shots that killed President Kennedy and wounded Governor Connally were fired from the sixth floor window at the southeast corner of the Texas School Book Depository.
- There were only three shots fired.
- The same bullet which pierced the President's throat also caused Governor Connally's wounds.
- The shots that killed President Kennedy and wounded Governor Connally were fired by Lee Harvey Oswald.
- Oswald killed Dallas Police Patrolman J. D. Tippit approximately 45 minutes after the assassination.
- Within 80 minutes of the assassination and 35 minutes of the Tippit killing Oswald resisted arrest at the theater by attempting to shoot another Dallas police officer.
- There is no evidence to support that either Lee Harvey Oswald or Jack Ruby was part of any conspiracy, domestic or foreign, to assassinate President Kennedy.
- No evidence could be found of conspiracy, subversion, or disloyalty to the U.S. Government by any Federal, State, or local official.
- Oswald acted alone.
In the years following its release, the Warren Commission has been frequently criticized for some of its methods, inconsistencies and conclusions. It has been said that the CIA was to hide or destroy some information, which can easily be misinterpreted as collusion in John F Kennedy's assassination, as certain classified and potentially damaging operations in danger of being exposed.
There were also many criticisms about the witnesses and their testimonies. One is that many...