Constitution Essay

1664 words - 7 pages

1 / 3 / 05 Stephen HaubnerAmerica became a free nation from British rule after the American Revolution. The Articles of Confederation became the first attempt of a democratic nation since Ancient Greece and Rome. Because of the fear of a crown, too much power was given to the States and they lacked a central, authoritative government that would keep the States unified. After war broke out between some of the States, our Founding Fathers met at our second constitutional convention to ratify the Articles of Confederation. James Madison scrapped the Articles of Confederation and drafted the document we know now as the United States Constitution. The Constitution was written in 1787, nearly 10 years after the victory of the American Revolution. The first three articles explain the duties and responsibilities of each branch in government: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. These branches of government insure the separation of powers through a series of checks and balances.Today many people argue that certain branches in the government are different than what the Founding Fathers intended them to be. The legislative branch is the branch of government that I would label as being what the Founding Fathers would agree with the most as what they intended it to be. The media plays an important role in politics in how information is given to the general public. Our Founding Fathers would not agree with the media and how it passes information."All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives." The House of Representatives is the larger chamber among the two and the numbers of representatives are chosen based on the population of a state. Congressmen's' terms consist of two years and then are put back up for re-election. The setup of the House of Representatives gives the larger states more power over the smaller states. But, in the Senate, the smaller states are given equal power to the larger states because two senators only represent each state and their term lasts for six years. The two chambers are run by the Speaker of the House (House of Representatives) and the Senate President (Vice President).The legislative branch's purpose is to create laws. Every society needs laws because too few laws result in anarchy, and too many laws result in tyranny. Congress knows that we need just the right amount of laws for a well-adjusted society. The process on how laws are made is very long and grueling. A Congressman creates a bill and it is first presented to the Speaker of the House or to the Senate President. The bill must pass through the House and the Senate before it is made a law. In the House a bill is passed to a Committee, in which the members vote on it and revise it. Once it passes through the Committee, it goes to a sub-committee. The sub-committee much investigates the bill and there are trials or hearings for the...

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