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Constitutional Framers Essay

1434 words - 6 pages

The Confederation congress was plagued with problems as the former colonies struggled to form a national identity. The lack of permanent physical location and united national government led to problems of inaction, following the Revolutionary war. “Congress’s lack of power and frequent inability to act (often due to a lack of quorum or the need for a supermajority for certain decisions) demanded reform” (Wirls 58). The founding fathers agreed on the need for a stronger national government however two opposing groups argued about the nature of its composition. Federalists argued for a strong national government, with a few representatives, removed the day to day local political affairs. They desired a group of political elite leaders, free to make decisions based on national interests. In order to promote an independent nature within the senate, Federalists promoted long terms, some advocating lifetime appointments. The anti-Federalists rejected the idea of permanent elite and instead promoted a large number of representatives with small groups of political constituents. Rather than the crème de la crème of society, anti-Federalists promoted a kaleidoscope vision; representatives would personally reflect the interests of their constituents. During the final constitutional plan for the U.S. Senate a compromise was reached between the two groups; the anti-Federalist views were incorporated in the equal apportionment and appointment by the states, Federalists promoted independence in the senate by instituting staggered six year terms.
The compromise between the Federalist and anti-Federalist was reached through a series of decisions, in part helped by the fact that those against strengthening the Federal government were not present, “the formidable talents who were opposed to the project of fortifying the national government decided to boycott the meeting” (Wirls 60). In addition to the shared need of fortifying the national government both sides agreed on the need for a two chamber legislature, “the delegates shared similar conclusions based on their republican beliefs and experiences in their state governments. One such conclusion was a widely shared belief in the desirability of a two-chamber legislature, with an upper house to check the more popular lower house” (Wirls 60). Members present were unified by desire for a stronger national government with bicamel legislature however ideological differences emerged between Federalist and anti-Federalists. Both groups agreed on the importance of avoiding corruption within government, but held widely differed opinions on how to achieve this goal. The main arguments occurred due to the differences in views about the nature of representation and the importance of a psychologically distant Senate.
Federalist supported the idea of a senate removed from state politics and united in the public national interest. Federalists did not desire to take away state rights, only to...

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