Inclusive and accessible workplace is the buzzword now. The corporate employers, the public sector undertakings, the multinational organizations, the government institutions etc. are now realizing the merit of perfectly inclusive and accessible workplace. The psycho, social and economic merits of such perfect inclusive and accessible workplace is a subject of enormous interests and shall remain so for years to come. Through this paper, I seek to explore the constitutional perspectives and imperatives of such inclusive and accessible workplace based on the provisions of the Constitution of India.
Constitutional Concept of Inclusive and Accessible Workplace: The Constitution of India does not have any specific provision outlining the concept of inclusive and accessible workplace. This is not to say the Constitution of India in anyway negates the idea of inclusive and accessible workplace. On the contrary, the Constitution of India is one legal framework which has enabled and shall further enable the making of all legal edifice for making of every working platforms in the country, be it economic, social, cultural, political, a thoroughly inclusive and accessible workplace. To this end one is to only read the preamble to the Constitution, which begins by the words, “We the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a …”
It is fascinating to imagine the scholastics of the framers of the Constitution, who in late forties of the previous century could understand the unqualified involvement of all Indians in making of the nation called India. A newly independent modern nation in 1947, which inherited with its independence a legacy of wide spread poverty and illiteracy, deeply entrenched caste and communal divisions, pervasive patriarchal family orientations, it must have been an utopian vision to think of a nation where every single citizen shall be secured what may be called constitutionally guaranteed content of citizenship benefits in the form of justice, social, economic, and political; liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; equality of status and of opportunity.
Thinking in terms of realization of the vision of the constitution makers, it must be reckoned as an enormously difficult task to secure to all its citizens the constitutionally guaranteed content of citizenship benefits, more so with the kind of society which it inherited at the time of adoption of the Constitution. Thanks to the scholastics of the Constitution makers, while outlining what is called hereinabove, the enormously difficult task, they envisaged the participation of all citizens in making of the nation where in to all its citizens the constitutionally guaranteed content of citizenship benefits can be secured. Thus, in its opening sentence the Preamble to the Constitution declares, “WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a sovereign socialist secular democratic republic and to secure to all...