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Constitutional Introduction Essay

1039 words - 5 pages

The Constitution of the United States was designed to be a framework for the organization of our country’s government. The constitution is made up of amendments, which outline the rights of individuals and the powers of the law. I will discuss the 12th amendment, the presidential elections of 1800 & 1824, and a proposal a new constitutional amendment to improve the current presidential selection process.
The 12th amendment introduced the system of presidential selection and the Electoral College. The process is as follows, there is a selection of the electors, the meeting of the electors where they vote for president and vice president, and the counting of the electoral votes by Congress. ...view middle of the document...

Since the preceding President was of the Federalist Party, it would be the Federalist Congress who made the final decision between Jefferson and Burr. It is written that Burr was the preferred candidate amongst the Federalist; but due to Alexander Hamilton’s persuasion the tie was resolved by the House of Representatives; who voted and declared Thomas Jefferson the winner and 3rd President of the United States. This issue was the cause of the ratification of the 12th amendment; which instructed electors to make a clear, separate vote for the president and vice president. ,
The presidential election of 1824 was between nominees John Q. Adams, Andrew Jackson, William Crawford and Henry Clay. This would be the first presidential election that did not include a Federalist candidate. The election ran from October to December and at the end it seemed that the winner would be Andrew Jackson who had won the 43 percent of the popular vote; however, Jackson would not become President that year and this presidential election would be associated with what many called the “Corrupt Bargain”. At the end of the voting period, no candidate had won the electoral vote; all candidates had fallen short of the needed 131 votes; Jackson was at 99, Adams was at 84, Crawford was at 41 and last was Clay with 37 votes. It was now up to the House of Representatives to vote, they would only vote between the top 3 nominees, which would be Jackson, Adams and Crawford. The original method would have allowed the House of Representatives to vote amongst the top five candidates. Presidential nominee and speaker for the House of Representatives, Henry Clay would no longer be considered for the position of President; but would still become a major factor in the election. Many assumed that with Jackson being only 32 votes shy of being the next President; it would be quickly decided by the House of Representatives to place Jackson in office. The House of Representatives did not follow suit; with Henry Clay’s endorsement of John Adams and his detest for Andrew Jackson; the House voted Adams as the 6th President of the United States. The “Corrupt Bargain” was that Adams...

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