Constitutional Issues And The Scope And Character Of The U.S. Government: Free Speech Ashford University Pol 303 Research Paper

3078 words - 13 pages

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Running Head: CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES
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CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES
Constitutional Issues and the Scope and Character of the U.S. Government:
Free Speech
Niamh Moore
Ashford University
POL 303
Prof. Lawrence Olson
August 21, 2017
Constitutional Issues and the Scope and Character of the U.S. Government:
Free Speech
Free Speech has afforded American citizens the right to express themselves freely. It’s, arguably, the most contested part of our constitution, as much of it is up for interpretation. “Freedom of speech, the press, association, assembly, and petition: This set of guarantees, protected by the First Amendment, comprises what we refer to as freedom of expression. It is the foundation of a vibrant democracy, and without it, other fundamental rights, like the right to vote, would wither away” (aclu.org). “The most basic component of freedom of expression is the right of freedom of speech. The right to freedom of speech allows individuals to express themselves without government interference or regulation. The Supreme Court requires the government to provide substantial justification for the interference with the right of free speech where it attempts to regulate the content of the speech. Generally, a person cannot be held liable, either criminally or civilly for anything written or spoken about a person or topic, so long as it is truthful or based on an honest opinion, and such statements” (law.cornell.edu). “The people’s representatives will reach their destination, invested with the highest confidence and unlimited power. They will show great character. They must consider that great responsibility follows inseparably from great power. To their energy, to their courage, and above all to their prudence, they shall owe their success and their glory- Voltaire” (quoteinvestigator.com).
Federalism is the distribution of power in an organization (such as a government) between a central authority and the constituent. It is “a system of government in which entities such as states or provinces share power with a national government. The United States government functions according to the principles of federalism. The U.S. political system evolved from the philosophy of federalism. The U.S. political system evolved from the philosophy of federalism. Remember The Federalist Papers, the essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison between 1787 and 1788, to convince people to approve the Constitution? Federalism helps explain why each state has its own constitution and powers such as being able to choose what kind of ballots it uses, even in national elections. The national government oversees the election results, but each state controls its own voting procedures” (vocabulary.com). The First Amendment of the Constitution protects the right to freedom of expression and religion from government interference. “It prohibits any laws that establish a national religion, impede the free exercise of religion, abridge the freedom of speech,...

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