Construction Essay

1860 words - 8 pages


In the first of May , 2014 we level 1 s2b3 students of the civil engineering program , Caledonian College of Engineering organized a site visit to a building which is still under construction located at West of Muscat city (AL Seeb – AL Hail) which is known as ( The wave Muscat) , it takes about twenty (20) kms of land . The Wave project uses about 2.5 million square meters of land which involves 600,000 square meters of the reclamation. In addition, the project takes along wonderful and amazing 6 km stretch of coastline. The Wave, Muscat is also home to the 400 berth " Almoj Marina", which considered Oman’s largest private yachting hub . unfortunately the wave ...view middle of the document...

In the assembly constructing there are disparate kinds of foundations, they are Shallow foundation and Deep foundation.
.Raft Foundation was utilized in constructing the wave. Raft foundation is described as the deep concrete slab underpinned encompassing steel, it covers the construction and enters link span to form a deep floor like material.
The Marine dirt is an extremely tough locale for acting the assembly exceptionally the foundation because of the underground water , the water table ought to be elevated plenty , so as acting the foundation (Raft) the builders of assembly are to use the Well point arrangement that is being utilized for the Dewatering. The well point arrangement (dewatering) is industrialized by of a number of diverges alongside a trench in the excavation locale and next it is related to a public header, that is attached to one more well point pumps. The WellPoint arrangement the best in shallow aquifers whereas it helps the water to be lowered no extra than 15 or 20 feet. After arranging a arrangement of well point it is vital to early ponder the physical conditions of the locale to be dewatered.

Raft Foundation is suggested in the subsequent 4 ways.
• When the capacity of dirt is low.
• Construction span is obscured by the individual footings.
• The walls of the construction are extremely close.
• Used for colossal heaviness and loads.
• The most vital gains of Deep Raft Foundation are:
• It is extremely economic
• It reduces differential settlement.
• Needs slight excavation.
• It can cope alongside each earth condition.
• The disadvantages of the Deep Raft Foundation are:
• If not indulged properly Frontier erosion occurs.
• For point loads in needs specific treatment
4. Type of structure
Frame structures is known as the structures which having column, combination of beam, and slab to resist the gravity loads and lateral. There are two types of framed structure: Rigid frame structure and Braced frame structure. Both of them have many advantages such as: easy and rapidly to construct and economical designs.

As an example in the wave Muscat the engineers used first the Framed structure, then did the load bearing which means the walls and roof to support the framed structures.

Load bearing structures are known as the load that supported by the wall, which does not have columns and beams to load it. Moreover Load bearing structure must have enough force to load the purpose needed. Load-bearing structure is known as the oldest form of structure. Usually the thick of this structure is around 9 or more inches
5. Super structure elements
Super structure is always introduced as the part of the structure that is being constructed above the ground level.
5.1 type of wall
Wall is that piece of structure which is constructed for peculiarity purposes because it is done to surround the building to enclose an area of the building. It is made to keep the building more safety and aims at supporting ...

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