By the 18th century the world saw the rise of France as an art and style leader. The degree of talent and skill together with the support of royalty and aristocracy involved in the process of development of art made French influence (Parisian one in particular) on the rest of the world inevitable.
At the same time, by the end of the Louis XIV reign changes in French society and way of life were becoming more and more obvious. The aristocracy, tired of Baroque and Versailles ceremonial restriction, created a new trend after the death of Louis XIV in 1715. Broken from the bonds of highly regulated court etiquette and feeling freedom to return to the capital of France to pursue their own lives without risk of royal displeasure, French elite left Versailles to recover the life in the center of European culture - Paris. This period of time associates with extravagant behaviour of aristocracy and at the same time life in Paris became informal and full of pleasere and leisure.
The 18th century was the time when the women were allowed to show their beauty and charm publicly. With such behaviour they started to dominate in social life as never before. The great role for this changing of female social role was done by changed status of her privacy and toilette. Separating of the house in Her part and His part gave the woman opportunity to act rather independently. The fashionable trend was taken in account by architectures and designers and offering the lady of the house to occupy the grand apartment where she could hold her own “court”. The husband occupied a private suite behind the scenes, being around he did not participate in such events of his wife.
Man had a lot of opportunity to show his status, playing the main role in society. In contrast to man, woman started to use the process of toilette. It was usually attributed to be feminine, intimate, taking part behind the close door. Not women open the door to her private space. Possibly to invite guest in her own space encouraged women to surround her with object reflects her character, taste, intelligence and understanding of fashion. During events in private space objects played their own role: they had to support the image that the women intent to construct.
By the end of his life, Louis XIV also showed lassitude from the formal and complicated rituals of Versailles, that all intended to underline his position as a monarch. Trianon de Porcelaine a small “maison de plaisant” in park of Versalles (1670), small palace in village of Clagny (1680) for the King’s mistress Madam de Montespan shows that the King was looking for place of relaxation and intimacy. He build small chateau in Marly where as wrote the princess Palatine: “The King never allowed ceremony at all at Marly”. With all that the époque of parade of Riyal palaces was diminished and France entered in the 18th century with the new style for arranging of space.
On the illustration (Fig.) is shown...