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Teaching Phylosophies And Learning Theories: Constructivism

2361 words - 10 pages

The purpose of this paper is to identify my personal teaching philosophies and describe how those principles fit into the learning theory that I recognize as an accurate way to approach learning and teaching. I believe that there are multiple learning theories through which educators must follow in order to reach students of diverse learning styles; it would be a disservice to the student to only focus on teaching through the paradigm of one theory. Throughout the paper, however, I will discuss examples where the learning theory of constructivism has proved to accurately portray how I best learn new information and also how it will be an appropriate theory to guide me in teaching high school agriculture in a productive learning environment, as well as serve as a tool in managing classroom behavior. As I prepare to enter the world of high school education, I am apprehensive about the work that is in store, but passion is driving me forward and the excitement of putting to practice the theories of learning is the motivation that I possess.
Part One: Creating an Ideal Productive Learning Environment:
Overall Classroom Management

In this section, my personal learning theory will be discussed. In addition, the expectations I have for students and myself as the instructor, as well as roles students and myself will fill in the classroom setting.
Personal Theory of Learning
I believe that human knowledge is constructed. Constructivism is a theory that suggests that all people rely on existing knowledge that resides in long-term memory to construct new understanding (Ormrod, 2011, p. 218). Along those lines, humans learn by association, and the better we can associate pieces of information to past experiences, the greater our understanding becomes. A simple example of constructivism can be seen when a high school student is presented with a common children’s poem that contains grammatical errors throughout the text. Remarkably, the student should be able to read the words and sentences just as smooth as if it did not contain mistakes. In fact, he or she will not only read it smoothly, but probably will not even notice the misspelled words in the poem. This works because we fill our expectations into the gaps that reality leaves out (Ormrod, 2011, p. 219). Constructivism is the reason that illusionists have jobs and the reason that teachers can help students shape knowledge.
As an educator, it is important for me to view my role as that of a facilitator. The reason teachers are crucial to the learning process is because people often pull diverse meanings from a single encounter with new information because they bring unique experiences to the situation (Ormrod, 2011, p. 219). An example can be observed in the process of students learning about the different breeds of dairy cattle. In the lesson, students learn three popular breeds: Jersey, Brown Swiss, and Holstein. Holsteins are the popular black and white breed that most individuals...

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