Constructivist Child Development Theories Essay

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Running Head: CONSTRUCTIVIST CHILD DEVELOPMENT THEORIES

Constructivist Child Development Theories

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Abstract

In today's world many parents second-guess exactly how they should bring up their own children. Throughout history there have been many different theories on just how correct different ways are. Well-known psychologists in the past such as Freud, Erikson, Skinner, and Kohlberg, have formed many theories. Each psychologist takes on a different view than the other in a way that it seems each is coming up with a reason for why children turn out a different way. Developmental scientist have and are suggesting and disagreeing on many different developmental theories. Theory is a set of logically related concepts or statements that seek to describe and explain development and to predict what kinds of behavior might occur under certain conditions. Some theories change after new evidence is discovered, or someone conducted a research to proof the previous hypotheses to be wrong. Some research data suggests additional hypotheses to be examined and provide direction for dealing with practical issues.

Constructivist Child Development Theories

Introduction

The constructivist theories of child development were put forward by theorists such as Lev Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, and Maria Montessori. Even though there is a huge difference in the works of these, nevertheless everyone formulates a related background of development and learning. They are coherent in their faith that development and learning comes about when little kids communicate with the people and the environment surrounding them. According to the constructivists, because young children are quick in learning thus they are known as active participants. Many children, according to constructivists, are the initiators in terms of activities regarding learning and development (Bergin& Bergin, 400-401).

Discussion

Since the early eighteenth century there have been vast amounts of research carried out in the area of child development. There are numerous theorists and perspectives that can be considered when observing children. Studying theoretical perspectives enables the practitioner to link theory with practice and therefore show their understanding of how children learn and develop. Linking theory with practice enables practitioners to plan age appropriate activities and experiences for the children in their care and thus enhance their development and help them to acquire new skills and knowledge. In this essay the author will discuss the following theorists whose work has been very influential in the...

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