Containment, Brinkmanship, And The Domino Theory

1137 words - 5 pages

During the 1950s and 1960s, the United States became involved with various countries around the world. This was so for the reason that the United States was influenced the policies of “containment,” “brinkmanship,” and “domino theory.” As a result of these policies, the United States entered periods of aggression with numerous countries.
The purpose of this paper is to explicate the United States’ foreign policies during the 1950s and 1960s. In order to accomplish present objectives, this essay will advance as follows: Parts 1, 2, and 3 will define the foreign policies of “containment,” “brinkmanship,” and “domino theory,” explain how it influenced U.S. involvement in Korea, Cuba, and Vietnam, and will elucidate the results of interventions, respectively, and ultimately, Part 4 will bring this essay to a closure.
To begin with, the foreign policies that affected the United States during the 1950s and 1960s include: “containment,” “brinkmanship,” and “domino theory.” The concept of “containment” involved utilizing “firm” military, economic, and diplomatic tactics to halt the proliferation of communism, improve United States’ national security, and augment worldwide influence. In supplement of “containment,” U.S. involvement in Korea provided an example of how “containment” influenced the decision to enter the country. With China falling to communism at the hands of Mao Zedong, Korea was the next to become “infected.” Subsequently, Korea underwent a physical division, which resulted in the communist state of North Korea and the now vulnerable South Korea. Urgent to unify Korea as a communist nation, North Korea invaded South Korea and war broke out. In the midst of this, the United States had seen China fall to communism and now had witnessed the fall of Korea. With “containment” as chief motivator, the United States entered the Korean War in order to “contain” communism within North Korea and protect the nation of South Korea. As the battles raged on, many were killed in the process. Providentially, in the end, an armistice was signed and South Korea remained a republic. The results of this war were dire for both countries. Both North and South Korea were economically ruined and physically damaged. However, U.S. intervention did prevent South Korea from falling to communism, thereby “containing” it within its region of North Korea. Over time, with aid from the United States, South Korea was able to recover and stabilize itself, while North Korea was not able to do so and continues to remain economically weak in present times. Nevertheless, till this day, troops are presently serving in South Korea and the United States has still had to “contain” communism and protect South Korea from the influence of North Korea.
Moreover, the concept of “brinkmanship” can be defined as the political strategy of provoking a country to the verge of war to induce the other country to abide by one’s demands. Touching upon this impression, Cuba proved to be an...

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