All four of these management theories deferrer in various ways. First, the Sociotechnical Theory approach to management is a balancing of several classical approaches and draws mainly from separate schools: scientific management, administrative theory and bureaucratic management. This mainly was an attempt to bring a balance within how employee’s social behaviors intermingled with the technical production system of an organization or manufacturer. This also allows for a better understanding and combining of the successful aspects of previous management theory for a more modern approach. Next, we come to the Organizational Behavior approach, which emphasizes the importance of understanding of ...view middle of the document...
Building on systems theory ideas, the contingency perspective negates comprehensive principles of management by stating that a variety of factors, both internal and external to the firm, may affect the organization’s performance. Therefore, there is no “one best way” to manage and organize because circumstances vary. "Systems theory is the interdisciplinary study of systems in general, with the goal of elucidating principles that can be applied to all types of systems at all nesting levels in all fields of research." (Wikipedi, 2014)
Systems theory also emphasizes that an organization is one system in a series of and groups of unit and subsystems. I felt that that in closing I wanted to highlight the fact that much of the theories seem to have correlation with a legend from the world of corporate and business management, Edawrd Deming! His work known as The System of Profound Knowledge or SoPK, this was a lifelong work. It is a theory of management that closely resembles Systems Theory of management, as it calls for action by the leader for transforming the organization, the aim is very similar to as the whole is greater than the parts. This management style, when appropriately used, can help a business reduce costs, reducing waste, and increase quality, worker satisfaction and, finally, profitability.
• Define “open systems” and describe the internal, competitive, and macroenvironments of an organization.
Open Systems is a theory of how organizations are indirectly and directly affected by, and that effect, their environment in which they operate. The is includes what is called the external environment in which all related dynamics outside a firm’s peripheries, such as competition, buyers and customers, the local or international governments, and the various economies that could perceivably have influence. This also comprises of internal environments, competitive environments, and macro environments.
Whether the establishments tactics are applicable within the various environments depends a great deal on the economy as a whole, especially where Macro environments are concerned. “The macro environment in which a company or sector operates will influence its performance, and the amount of the influence will depend on how much of the company's business is dependent on the health of the overall economy. Cyclical industries, for example, are heavily influenced by the macro environment, while consumer staples are less so.” (Investopedia, 202014)
The competitive environment, sometime...