Contemporary Human Rights Issue Legal Studies Essay

643 words - 3 pages

What should I be doing?
1. Choose a contemporary issue. The syllabus gives the following examples: genocide, treatment of refugees, asylum seekers, child soldiers, abuse of children, torture, capital punishment, arbitrary detention, religious discrimination, discrimination against women, exploitation of workers, human trafficking and slavery, limitations on free speech. Or, choose something else. Remember, as a rule of thumb when we talk about a contemporary issue we are really limiting ourselves to events that have happened within the last 5 years.

2. Research the issue. Find out as much as you can on it from:
a. Media sources,
b. UN organs/bodies
c. NGOs
d. Government sources
e. LIAC (not all issues will be covered)
f. Anywhere else you can gather information

3. Work out which international treaties, declarations covenants etc deal with your issue and figure out which article or section of the instrument deals specifically with your issue. Either, learn the article itself or at the very least, the article number and the intent of the article. For example: ‘Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights prohibits the use of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading punishments.’ Learn the names of the treaties relevant to your issue. Some of the more important are:
b. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
c. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (NB b. and c. collectively are known as the international bill of rights
d. Convention on the rights of the Child (CROC)
e. 1951 Refugees Convention
f. Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons
g. Convention Against Torture
h. Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination
i. Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women
j. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
k. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

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