Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune type of chronic arthritis which affects both sides of joints i.e. both hands, both wrists, or both knees. It’s a whole body disorder which mainly affects the synovial tissues. It may also affect other body parts like lungs, eyes, skin, heart, blood, or nerves. If not properly treated it may substantially cause the loss of functioning and mobility of the body. It is more common in women than in men but severe symptoms are seen only in men. Usually middle aged people are affected but still young children and the elderly are also under its danger.
The symptom and its severity may vary from person to person. Joint is the part mainly affected, however, other organs also face danger. There may occur sudden changes in symptoms or illness called flares, which may last for few days or months. The symptoms may not remain same and may change from day to day. The symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are:
Joint pain and swelling
Pain and fatigue
Long periods of joint stiffness, especially in the morning.
Moreover, the joints become tender and warm, and its movement is limited by stiffness. As time passes, polyarthritis may occur i.e. multiple joints may be affected. Often, in rheumatoid arthritis, the joints are affected in symmetrical fashion but asymmetrical initial presentation may also occur.
Tender and warm
Limitation of movement of joints
1 Constitutional symptoms
The actual cause of rheumatoid arthritis is still unknown but it is assumed to be due to a combination of genetic, environmental, and hormonal factors. Half of the risk is believed to be genetic although it has not been scientifically proved. Some researchers believe that an infection with bacteria or virus develops rheumatoid arthritis in those people who are already genetically in risk of this disease.
The immune system protects the body from foreign substances like bacteria and viruses but when the body is characterized with rheumatoid arthritis then the immune system itself mistakenly starts...