This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Context And Causes For The First Crusade.

1334 words - 5 pages

The First Crusade began in an effort to retrieve Christian territory that was conquered by Muslims. The aim of the crusaders was to recapture the holy city of Jerusalem in the name of God. The Crusades were catapulted by a speech delivered from Pope Urban II in the city of Clermont. The passionate speech was centered on the Muslims, whose acts of savagery had sent all of Western Europe into a frenzy. The Byzantine emperor Alexius Commenous requested the Pope for aid to cease the Turks from invading. This led to an outcry as thousands of men, women, and children answered the pope’s message. Urban began to arrange his plan, and started a campaign asking others to preach in his favor. Though the ultimate outcome of the crusade was successful, many mistakes were made throughout the course of the war.
The amount of enthusiasm that followed was overwhelming. However, most of this support came from peasants whom were neither skilled nor trained for combat. When preaching, Urban had hoped listening knights would be available for battle. While knights proved to be the most glorious of fighters, they came at a price. Knights developed their true ability to fight as a mounted warrior. Their “warhorses” were extremely expensive and required an ample amount of care. While on tour, Urban tried to prevent certain types of people from joining the effort, but it proved to be difficult. There were more peasants than there were knights. Urban had the support and promises of two influential French leaders, Adhemar and Raymond. Urban also recruited many other famous leaders.
The outcome of peasants only led to more trouble. Peter the Hermit can be viewed as a figurehead of the people’s crusade. Peter can be described as a charismatic man who delivered fiery sermons, persuading others to join the movement. According to Asbridge, Peter’s preaching during The Crusades was most likely not supported by the papacy.
Many believe that Peter led a group of untrained peasants who probably did not even know the location of Jerusalem. These peasants did not comply with Urban’s original plans. As Asbridge states, they “threatened to derail the entire campaign even before it had properly begun” (Asbridge 82). Peter’s army lacked proper military discipline and soon began to pillage the countryside. The army crossed into Asia Minor and ended up being massacred by the Turks. Then, in October of 1097, The People’s Crusade was led into the battle against the Turks in Civetot. This risky situation ended up leading to the downfall of The People’s Crusade. The Turks were more skilled with better supplies and annihilated the army. “The crusaders’ first steps into Islamic territory had ended in utter catastrophe” ( Asbridge 103). This was largely based on Peter’s inexperience with leading The People’s Crusade.
Another mistake came from Bohemond of Taranto, the great warrior, during the seige of Antioch. The city was strong and the idea of conquering it seemed frightening. The...

Find Another Essay On Context and Causes For The First Crusade.

The cause and effect of the first crusade

2388 words - 10 pages An Examination of the Causes and Success of The First CrusadeReligion has served mankind for thousands of years in our search for meaning and direction. Religion serves as a way of defining our lives and providing a sense of meaning or direction, having done so since the beginning of time. While religion may appear to be a peaceful endeavor, it is an endless source of violence and bloodshed. The duality of religion is accurately portrayed in the

The First Crusade: a success? Essay

2516 words - 10 pages chronicles Gesta Dei per Francos, God's work done by the hand of the Franks". But did the people of the First Crusade really fulfil all that Pope Urban II had been hoping for? If he had lived to hear of the capture of Jerusalem would he have agreed that the Crusade had been a "remarkable success"? This essay will examine the question of what Urban II was hoping for when he made call to Crusade at Clermont, and whether the people who responded to

What Caused the First Crusade, and was it a Success?

1346 words - 5 pages The First Crusade was cause by conflicts between the Christians and the Muslims for the Holy Land, Jerusalem. Jerusalem was the holy city for all three groups of different faiths; the Christians, the Jews, and the Muslims. For the Christians, Jerusalem was where Jesus was crucified and resurrected. For the Muslim, Jerusalem was the place where Muhammad had ascended to heaven. For the Jews, it was their God's city and it was the sit of Solomon's

Was the First crusade fought under the pretense of religion

2027 words - 8 pages originally led the crusades then in the coming years thousands of Western Europeans would follow suit.From the perspective that the first Crusade was a war for religious motivations, the first point that must be said is encapsulated by what Pope Urban's appeal is quoted as stating: "From the confines of Jerusalem and the city of Constantinople a horrible tale has gone forth and very frequently… (a) race, a race utterly alienated from God, a

Answers: Study the sieges of Antioch and Jerusalem during the first crusade and Acre during the Third Crusade. Describe the logistical hardships of mounting a siege in foreign territory

1576 words - 6 pages importance of Antioch is more than just its being the first in a series of sieges, but it revealed other Crusade goings-on. For instance, the attitude of the 'Holy Roller' Crusader was, to some degree, genuine, as indicated by those that actually believed in the holy lance, and the blessing that it promised. Additionally, St. George would not be the last of holy men that would make appearances (and appearances that were witnessed by many

The Origins and Causes Of the World's First Total War

2068 words - 8 pages soldiers alike, are enemies and are considered to be acceptable targets during war. There are many issues that lead to different wars including religion, revolution, technology, nationalism, militarism, expansion, and imperialism. In order for the first major total war to occur, there were many catalysts from all of the European superpowers of the time. Before World War I, the superpowers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, Great Britain, France, and

McCarthy and The Anti-communist Crusade

1293 words - 5 pages interview, “He was a politician first. Everything else second and third. As an investigator, as an anticommunist and someone who's looking for spies and subversives, those things were always secondary in his mind to what his real goal was -- which was the goal of any politician-- to gain power and influence in his own party and in the government,” (Herman). McCarthy thought of power first and nothing else mattered to the immoral Senator. When

Indiana Jones And The Last Crusade

631 words - 3 pages Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade The theme of this Indiana Jones movie is the constant contrast between Indy and his father Dr. Henry Jones. The difference is in their outlook on live and the many mysteries that surround them. Indiana only trust pure fact and will not listen to any ?truth? he hears from other individuals. He only believes in what he can see and touch. On the other hand, Dr. Henry Jones believes in the in the supernatural and

The Children's Crusade: Innocence, Masculinity, and Humanity

1870 words - 7 pages was the first time he cried for anything in the war(Vonnegut 211). So for being somewhat of an empty shell, he felt some compassion towards some consequence of the war.   While seen as an anti-war book, Slaughterhouse-Five is actually a warning from Vonnegut to protect youth's innocence. His examples of innocence and lack of masculinity and humanity proves that wars should not as popularized as they are. Wars leave mostly destruction and when

The Crusade for Equal Rights in the United States

1182 words - 5 pages The struggle for equal rights has been an ongoing issue in the United States. For most of the twentieth century Americans worked toward equality. Through demonstrations, protests, riots, and parades citizens have made demands and voiced their concerns for equal rights. For the first time minority groups were banding together to achieve the American dream of liberty and justice for all. Whether it was equality for women, politics, minorities

Classism and the context

1938 words - 8 pages American adolescents: The impact of race and middle class status. Professional School Counseling, 7, 40–51. Chen, X. (2005). First generation students in postsecondary education: A look at their college transcripts (NCES 2005–171). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. What is classism. (n.d.). Class Action. Retrieved from

Similar Essays

The First Crusade Essay

1263 words - 5 pages theJews. Eventually, they reached Constantinople and were sent by the Emperor Alexius I to AsiaMinor where they were slaughtered by the Seljuk Turks.A papal supported Crusade was soon to follow. The soldiers for the first true Crusadewere recruited from the warrior class of knights. By 1096, ' an international military force, with alarge nucleus of knights from central and southern France, Normandy, and Norman Sicily, madeits way across the Balkans

The First Crusade Essay

1963 words - 8 pages others chose to stay and make a name and fortunes for themselves in the legendary east. The First Crusade stretching from Clermont, France to Jerusalem in what is now modern day Israel, lasted only four years and sent an untold number of souls to their maker. Political in nature The First Crusade was only the first in nine crusades in the east, but would remain the most notorious because of the monstrous deeds of the Christians that, for seven days

The First Crusade Essay

731 words - 3 pages in these battles, the Crusaders , those charged with the holy task of carrying out the churches directive, at first reading sound quite familiar to the inhabitants of the Mos Eisley spaceport on the planet Tattooine where “you will never find a more wretched hive of scum and villainy.” Were these to be the ranks of Pope Urban II’s holy army? Clearly, this seems to be the case. The First Crusade, 1095 – 9 started with the Peoples Crusade

The First Crusade And The Ideas Of Crusading

2006 words - 8 pages , is a well developed and coherent argument that is neatly organized and concise, allowing the reader to gain a good understanding of the topic. This book was an excellent choice for first year university students, as it was an easy read, and very easy to identify the main points and arguments of each chapter. Bibliography/Works Cited Riley-Smith, Jonathan. The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading. The United States of America: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1986.