Context of the Bible Book:
The book of Genesis begins with the creation of the earth and all the living things upon it. It continues on The story of Joseph and his family, which spans nearly fourteen full chapters, is well crafted and highly detailed. “Unique, too, is the somewhat secular mold in which the [Joseph’s] biography is cast. The miraculous or supernatural is conspicuously absent” (Sarna 211). The story is embodies the very best parts of literature. And, in fact, is not overtly theological.
Survey of the Three Chapters:
In chapter thirty-nine of Genesis, Joseph was taken, by a group of Ishmaelites, to Egypt to be sold as a slave. He was bought by a guard captain named Potiphar. Potiphar saw that Joseph was blessed, so he made him the head servant of the house. Potiphar had a wife who was very attracted to Joseph. She frequently asked him to lie with her. Joseph refused. It would have been a betrayal of his master, but more importantly a sin against God.
Still, she continued to try to seduce him, day after day. Eventually Joseph found himself alone in the house with Potiphar’s wife. She grabbed him by his clothing and asked him, again, to lie with her. Joseph fled, leaving behind the garment she had hold of. She then called out to the men who worked in her home and claimed that Joseph tried to seduce her, but that she had screamed and he had ran, leaving behind his clothing.
When her husband arrived home, she repeated the lie she had told the servants. So Potiphar sent Joseph away to the prison where the king sent his prisoners. God showed Joseph mercy, and made the prison guard show favor to Joseph. The guard put Joseph in charge of the other prisoners.
In chapter forty, both the butler and baker of the king were placed into prison with Joseph, who was put in charge of them. After they had been in prison for a while, on the same night, the butler and the baker both had dreams. The following morning Joseph noticed that they were sad, and asked them why. ‘“We both had dreams,” they answered, “but there is no one to interpret them.” Then Joseph said to them, “Do not interpretations belong to God? Tell me your dreams”’ (NIV Gen. 40.8).
The butler told his dream first. Before him was a vine that had three branches. The branches immediately budded, blossomed, and yielded grapes. The butler had Pharaoh’s cup in his hand. He crushed the grapes into the cup and gave Pharaoh the wine. After the butler finished, Joseph interpreted. The three vines, he told the butler, represented three days. In three days Pharaoh would release him from prison, and restore him to his former job. Joseph asked him to remember him when he was released from prison. Joseph hoped that Pharaoh would release him, as well. Joseph told the butler that had been torn from his home and then, once in Egypt, unjustly imprisoned.
The baker had been glad to hear Joseph’s interpretation of the butler’s dream, so he eagerly recited his own. The baker dreamed that...