This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Continental Army Essay

3728 words - 15 pages

The war of the American Revolution lasted for eight years, 1775-1783, years that tested Americans' dedication to independence. In the process, the country's first war both shaped and tested Americans' ideals of national character. In 1775 the Continental Congress felt that the union of the colonies was complete, not withstanding that Georgia was not yet represented in the congress. On June 7, in a resolution for a general fast, they had spoken, for the first time, of the then twelve United Colonies (Georgia not yet represented). To make the bond stronger they now, on motion of John Adams, adopted the forces as a Continental Army, and proceeded to choose a commander-in-chief. At the suggestion of the New England delegation, Thomas Johnson of Maryland nominated George Washington, of Virginia, then a member of the Congress, for that important office, and he was elected by a unanimous vote. The American Army is born, the Continental army, which through dedication and conviction the Americans overpowered the British for a window of achievement for the United States. The response of George III and his ministers to the events at Lexington, Concord, and Bunker Hill was a determined effort to put an end to the rebellious colonists by force. It took time to mount this effort, and after Bunker Hill the Americans enjoyed a break lasting almost a year. During most of this period the Second Continental Congress, though forced by events in New England to take on itself the leadership of an armed revolt, proceeded hesitantly, still seeking a method for reconciliation that would preserve American rights. Military preparations were designed for a short struggle, to endure no longer than the end of the year 1776. Nevertheless the Americans took advantage of the break to create a national army, to consolidate their hold on the governmental machinery throughout the thirteen colonies, to invade Canada, and finally to force the British to evacuate Boston (Van Doren 234). The creation of a Continental Army was in the long run perhaps their most significant achievement. Some time before Bunker Hill the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, aware of the necessity of enlisting the support of all the colonies in the struggle against the British, appealed to the Continental Congress to adopt the New England army. Although there is no formal record of the action, Congress evidently did vote to adopt it on June 14, 1775, the accepted birthday of the U.S. Army. On the same day it voted to raise ten companies of riflemen, the first soldiers to be enlisted directly in the Continental service in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, to march north to join the army before Boston. The next day, June 15, Congress chose George Washington, a Virginian, to be Commander in Chief. The choice was made for geographical and political as much as for military reasons. The New Englanders felt that in order to enlist the support of the southern colonies, a southerner should be...

Find Another Essay On Continental Army

New Jersey's Part in the Revolutionary War

556 words - 2 pages head gear. The Continental Army was dressed in blue uniform. Both were armed guns and muskets. It was General George Washington against Major General Lord Cornwallis. When George Washington was informed that General Cornwallis was in Princeton him and his continental army went straight up there to find Cornwallis. There he did not expect to find eight thousand British troops and artillery waiting for him and his troops. There were not many

Reasons to Join the Revolutionary War as Portrayed in The Patriot

2112 words - 8 pages Colonialists were in search of a better life in the newly discovered land of the Americas. Ties with their mother-country of Britannia, over three thousand miles away, resulted in miscommunication and arguments. Eventually these arguments and miscommunications lead to the Revolutionary War, provoking many American Colonists to join the Continental Army. Each soldier from the militia to the regular recruits had reasons to fight; many of these

Evan Crutch in George Washington

860 words - 4 pages Evan Crutch appears as an infantryman in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War as portrayed in the film George Washington. He is a representation of the maturation of the soldiers during the course of the war and how their attitudes towards battle changed by the end of the conflict. His personality is a generalization of how the soldiers acted and behaved at given times during the war; however, he differs from the average

The Battle of Trenton

1517 words - 7 pages possible. For upon Secrecy, Success depends in most enterprises of the kind, and for want of it, they are generally defeated, however well planned & promising a favorable issue.” George Washington At the end of 1776 the destiny of the Continental Army and its commander, George Washington, were at a low fade. Despite the great optimism inspired by the publication of Paine’s Common Sense and the Declaration of Independence, the Continental Army’s

The American Revolutionary War

1076 words - 4 pages British. The British passed harsher laws, banned town meetings, took away the power of local officials, and finally closed Boston Harbor, which prevented goods from going in and out of the city.1 This single act of colonial resentment towards royal authority paved the way for the inevitable, The Revolutionary War. With turmoil unfolding, members of the First Continental Congress met and urged that each colony organize a volunteer army to protect

George Washington As Commander Of Continental Forces

836 words - 4 pages On June 15, 1775, the Continental Congress unanimously elected George Washington as general and commander in chief of its continental army. Two weeks later, on July 3, Washington halted his horse under an elm on the common in Cambridge, drew his sword, and took command of the ragged band of men, which made up the continental army. In his general order of the following day, Washington made it clear what it was going to take to win the war: “

Biography of George Washington

1677 words - 7 pages the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia dressed in a military uniform, he was prepared for war. On June 15, he was appointed Major General and Commander-in-Chief of the colonial forces against Great Britain. In 1775, Washington was nominated by John Adams to serve as a general and commander-in-chief of the Continental Army. His involvement had begun much earlier as he never failed to stand up to the tyranny of the British Parliament. He

US Victory In Rev War

655 words - 3 pages foreign aid to help defeat the British Empire. The Continental Army was disorganised, dirty, untrained, inexperienced and alone stood no chance. However, the Continental Army's guerilla warfare style maybe one of the most important reasons for their victory. Prussian Captain Von-Steuben volunteered to train Washington's troops, improved sanitation at military camps, made the soldiers a lot better, and became Major General in Continental Army

Race Relations During The Revolutionary War: Salem Poor

1039 words - 5 pages community struggled to get recognition for their actions and the courts failing to recognize Poor turned into an “active climate of oppression.” Poor continued to fight on however with “selfless dedication.” Poor fought in the war for American freedom, something he would not achieve himself, but he continued to fight on. Attitudes from the Continental Army, along with the state governments were not particularly accepting of African American

Was Benedict Arnold a Real Traitor?

1153 words - 5 pages The argument over Arnold’s place in American history has carried into this century. All the Americans relate George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, and Thomas Jefferson as their heroes, but there is a debate whether Benedict Arnold was a victim or a traitor. Arnold was a general during the American Revolutinary War, and he fought for the Continental Army. His name became synonymous with the word traitor. Benedict Arnold was a Revolutionary Hero

The oldest branch of the Military

547 words - 2 pages The Oldest Branch of the MilitaryBefore the Continental Army, there were the Quartermasters. The Quartermaster Corps traces its origins from 16 June 1775. On that day, following General Washington's address accepting command of the Army, the Second Continental Congress passed a resolution providing for one Quartermaster General of the Grand Army and a deputy, under him, for the Army. Major General Thomas Mifflin, the first Quartermaster General

Similar Essays

General George Washington And The Continental Army

997 words - 4 pages The American Revolution was a great time of change for America as a nation. With this change new heroes and ideals of life, liberty, and freedom were formed. Spearheading these new ideals was General George Washington and his continental army, but the road ahead of Washington and his men was not an unproblematic one. The winter at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania proved this to Washington and his men. Yet the true American ideal of life, liberty, and

George Washington: General Of The Continental Army

1506 words - 7 pages Congress because of the American Revolution. There, he was appointed Commander in Chief of the Continental Army and began to take command. As general of the Continental Army, Washington faces many brutal battles on his road to victory. He suffers defeat at the Battle of Bunker Hill in Massachusetts with high numbers of casualties but makes a large amount of damage to the British force, showing that Washington’s Army can stand up against them. As the

Roles Of Colonial Militia And Continental Army In Winning The Revolutionary War

2040 words - 8 pages Roles of Colonial Militia and Continental Army in Winning the Revolutionary War When the fighting at Lexington and Concord broke out in 1775, the conflict unleashed a flood of resentment that had been building over the right of the colonies to govern themselves. This conflict became a symbol of the American fight for "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." As James Kirby Martin and Mark Edward Lender argue in A Respectable Army

Book Report

1295 words - 6 pages 1. Introduction. In 1776, David McCullough gives a vivid portrayal of the Continental Army from October 1775 through January 1777, with sharp focus on the leadership of America’s greatest hero, George Washington. McCullough’s thesis is that had not the right man (George Washington) been leading the Continental Army in 1776, the American Revolution would have resulted in a vastly different outcome. He supports his argument with a critical