This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Contingency Management Essay

817 words - 4 pages

Contingency Theory
Contingency Management Theory can be utilized in most business applications. Contingency Management Theory defined on the premise that there is no best way to lead an organization as there are too variables, both internal and external (McGlone, 2005). The manager must change his or her leadership technique, depending on the situation (Nair, 2009). Contingency Management is dependent on the manager’s flexibility and personal library of potential responses to fulfill the needs of different situations (Nair, 2009). Contingency Management can be accomplished by both individuals and organizations (Nair, 2009).
The use of a reward system, allows the leaders or managers the ability to obtain a desired outcome by rewarding an employee with incentives. Managers are must analyze a situation and use ideas from his or her repertoire find an appropriate combination of management techniques to meet the needs of the situation (Nair, 2009).
Although considered a pioneer of Contingency Management, Mary Parker Follett focused on the relationship between management, worker, and the emotional exchange to improve work production (Kennedy, 2007). One of the key elements of Mary Parker Follett’s contribution to the Management discipline includes the belief that organizational leadership is “Situational,” leadership throughout an organization, at different levels and in different situations (Kennedy, 2007). Fiedler's 1967 theory is the first and most renowned contingency model (Nair, 2009). The Fiedler model proposes that most leaders are either task-oriented or relations-oriented and suggests it is important to understand the leader's personality and degree of situational control (Kennedy, 2007) (Nair, 2009). The strength of Fiedler's theory is its ability to predict leadership effectiveness according to individual and organizational variables. The weakness of Fiedler’s theory is that the model is inflexible and ignores a leader's potential for adaptability. There are many other contingency theories that have been developed since Fiedler's work. Some of the more significant theorists and their models include: Vroom and Yetton's (1973) decision-making theory, House's (1971) path-goal theory, Yukl's (1971) multiple-linkage model, Hersey and Blanchard's (1977) situational theory, and Kerr and Jermier's (1978) leader substitution theory (McGlone, 2005). Each approach focuses on a different leadership problems and stresses the necessity for manager to develop different leadership behaviors depending on circumstances (McGlone, 2005). Hersey and Blanchard's Situational Leadership Theory (SLT) is an example of a contingency theory that focuses on the employees' maturity. The right leadership style, according to SLT, is...

Find Another Essay On Contingency Management

Contingency Planning Essay

1095 words - 4 pages 1. Some kinds of planning situations are "programmed" and some are "unprogrammed." Why is it generally easier to work in programmed situations? What can happen to programmed plans when there is an unexpected event? Strategic planning is a management tool. As with any management tool, it is used for one purpose only: to help an organization do a better job - to focus its energy, to ensure that members of the organization are working toward the

business contingency plan Essay

2186 words - 9 pages the compromise information, and how and when to inform the customers about potential breach. B4. Communication Plan: A communication plan is a vital part of business contingency planning. When a disaster or emergency situation occurs, the need to communicate is immediate. Whenever a disaster occurs in an organization, the employees and their families, customers, stakeholders, vendors, news media, investors, company management, and suppliers should

Contingency Leadership Theories and Effective Leadership

920 words - 4 pages Contingency Leadership Theories and Effective Leadership Contingency leadership theories attempt to define leadership style, the situation, and answer the if-then contingencies. Situational leadership theory is a contingency theory that focuses on followers’ readiness: the extent to which people have the ability and willingness to accomplish a specific task. Path-goal theory states that it is the leader’s job to assist followers in attaining

Contingency Planning

989 words - 4 pages Information technology relates contingency planning as synchronized strategy that involves tactics, processes and practical measures that ensure the retrieve of data after disturbance, information technology schemes and operation. Contingency planning comprises one or more methods to reinstate disrupted information technology facilities. Information technology (IT) and automated information systems are essential basics in most healthcare

The Usefulness Of The Styles And Contingency Approaches In The Managerial Context

2217 words - 9 pages the obvious - high stress managerial positions favour the experienced! The fact that in stressful situations a leader favours experience over intelligence also supports the path-goal proposition that supportive leadership will favour high stress situations.ARGUMENTS AGAINST THE STYLES AND CONTINGENCY APPROACHESThe styles and contingency approaches are all transactional based and it has been suggested that transactional based management is less

Critically assess the degree to which contingency approaches can provide guidance in designing effective organisations

1469 words - 6 pages organisational model as the optimum one, which promoted a militaristic, mechanistic organisation, which stressed discipline, command and order through six managerial activities ~ Forecasting, Planning, Organizing, Commanding, Co-ordinating and Controlling.2, The Contingency ApproachThis approach has been popularised since the 1950's and 1960's, and was a reaction to the traditional management thinking of Taylor, Weber and Fayol. Which although

Critically assess the degree to which contingency approaches can provide guidance in designing effective organisations

1456 words - 6 pages organisational model as the optimum one, which promoted a militaristic, mechanistic organisation, which stressed discipline, command and order through six managerial activities ~ Forecasting, Planning, Organizing, Commanding, Co-ordinating and Controlling.2, The Contingency ApproachThis approach has been popularised since the 1950's and 1960's, and was a reaction to the traditional management thinking of Taylor, Weber and Fayol. Which although

Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, X/Y Theory and Expectancy and Contingency Theory

1105 words - 4 pages needs. (p. 17). The Hierarchy of Needs (1943) (Maslow 1908-1970) was incorporated into Systems Management (1960's) is a strategy that integrated two earlier systems, scientific management and human relations management helped bring the two strategies together to achieve both social goals of employees and managers productions goals. System management holds that effectiveness is met through interdependence; innovation, overcoming conflict and change

Crusading and Contingency in European Exploration

1919 words - 8 pages , 80). New laws would eventually be put in place to improve the treatment of Native Americans, but European dominance was already firmly in place (Richter, 82). How, then, were the Europeans who ventured to the New World so much more successful in their conquest than those who had traveled to the Indian Ocean? Again, contingency was at work. The most significant contingency that paved the way for European colonization in the Americas was the rapid

Google's Implementation, Strategic Controls, and Contingency Plans

1039 words - 5 pages , Google must evolve through innovation and adaptation to their audience. To do this, Google must start with implementation, strategic control, and contingency plans. According to Pearce & Robinson, 2011 “Implementation is “where the action is.” It is the arena that most students enter at the start of their business careers. It is the strategic phase in which staying close to the customer, achieving competitive advantage, and pursuing excellence become

The Existance Of God: CAUSAL Vs. Contingency Arguements

1574 words - 6 pages A cosmological argument is meant to explain the existence of the physical universe. The arguments are supposed to be sound deductive arguments, meaning that the premises lead to evidence, which prove the conclusion to be an absolute truth. The two major cosmological arguments attempt to explain the existence of God. They are the CAUSAL argument and the Contingency argument. There are few differences between the two arguments and there are

Similar Essays

Contingency Management Essay

920 words - 4 pages Contingency management (CM) is a treatment used for alcohol abuse. The treatment encourages positive behavior change by giving out positive reinforcement when treatment goals are achieved and refraining from rewarding or punishing behavior that is undesired (Higginsn & Petry, 1999). For example, if the goal is abstinence from alcohol, refraining from imbibing alcohol might result in a voucher to exchange for time off of work, while drinking

Contingency Theory: An Overview Of Its Use In Management

887 words - 4 pages Contingency Theory: An Overview of Its Use in Management Contingency theory is one of the many theories that help to shape managerial practice, define the way that managers make decisions, and form solutions to problems. The intent of this paper will be to define what contingency theory is, identify the theorists that have helped shape the theory describe what areas of business and management it is used in. The paper will also set out to

A Comparison Of Classical Management Theorists And Contingency Theorists

2360 words - 9 pages A Comparison of Classical Management Theorists and Contingency Theorists The management field is characterised by a wide variety of theories, schools and directions. This essay examines the classical and contingency schools of thought -- the approaches to organization that have had the greatest impact on management today. Firstly the essay delineates and criticises the important theories propounded by classical writers. The essay

Contingency Theory Essay

1156 words - 5 pages different situations (Thompson, 2005). Contingency theory was started by Joan Woodward, whose company research found that different types of processes were linked to different structures and amounts of control. She said that certain organizational forms are appropriate for certain forms of work. Woodward was a pioneer for the theory. Woodward composed several studies using differential variables such as management levels of a company, industry