Contraception Essay

1023 words - 4 pages

CONTRACEPTIONAlmost 3,500 years ago, men in Egypt wore condom-like sheaths as attractive andeye-catching penis covers. By the 18th century, condoms were being made from sheepintestines. In Victorian England, sexual stimulation was believed to shorten one's life, sosex once a month was considered more than enough. In the ancient Middle East, Arabsplaced pebbles in the uteruses of female camels when they set off on long journeys. Theythought that a foreign object in the uterus prevented pregnancy. In today's society, thereare many types of contraceptives designed to fit our changing lifestyles. Eighty-fivepercent of women who don't use contraceptives during vaginal intercourse becomepregnant each year. The only guarantee against pregnancy is not having intercourse, but ifused correctly the modern methods of contraception can reduce the risk of pregnancy.Except for abstinence, the male condom, which is made of a tight material thatcovers the entire penis, is the safest way to prevent AIDS and STDs. They are also nearlyone-hundred percent effective in preventing pregnancy when used properly and withspermicide. The failure rate of a condom, when used correctly and by itself, is about twopercent. More often they fail around twelve percent of the time. There are a few differenttypes of materials that condoms are made of . The most popular are made of latex.Polyurethane or animal skin are also used. The latex condom is the strongest of the three.The many kinds of condoms on the market are lubricated, non-lubricated, ribbed, andlubricated with spermicide. They also come in a wide variety of sizes. All of these can bepurchased at local drug stores, gas stations, grocery stores, health clinics, and manydoctors' offices.A more recent type of birth control is the female condom, which is sold in theUnited States under the name Reality. It is a polyurethane tube that looks a bit like a bigmale condom. One end goes inside the vagina, covering the cervix, and the other restsoutside, which creates a little plastic tunnel. The cost is about three times of a malecondom and some people find it creepy looking. This condom is a good method for thosewomen whose partners refuse to wear a condom or have trouble sustaining an erectionwhen they use a condom. It is also good for the females who are sensitive to latex. Thisis the only other birth control method besides the male condom that offers STD and HIVprotection. The failure rate is about twenty-six percent, but some test show that it is morereliable if used consistently and correctly.The pill is also another commonly used form of birth control. It is a tiny little pillthat should be taken at the same time everyday. If used in the proper manor, they arealmost one-hundred percent effective, but they don't offer any protection against HIV andSTDs. If the user sometimes forgets to take them, take them at different times everydayor use antibiotics while on the pill, then they are about ninety percent effective. Somewomen...

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