Contraception “Which One?” Essay

1554 words - 6 pages

Contraception “WHICH ONE?”

There are many forms of contraception. Contraception is a form of
birth control. Although, some methods of contraception also protect
from STD‘s (sexual transmitted diseases). How well birth control
works depends on a number of factors. These include medical
conditions, or are people taking any drugs prescribed or not. Whether
it is convenient, or if it causes any side effects. The main forms of
contraception in order of the most commonly used through out the
world.

Pill, condoms, female sterilisation, vasectomy, mini pill (POP-
Progesterone Only Pill), the cap (including diaphragm), coil, natural
family planning-rhythm method, contraception jab and mirena (IUS -
Implants/Patch(EVRA)).

The Pill or the combined pill contains Estrogens and Progesterone was
introduced in Puerto-Rico in 1956. In 2005 it was calculated that 3.5
million women used this method in the U.K, which is 1 in every 3 women
that are of reproductive age, over 100 million women in the world are
known to use this form of contraception.

The pill works by preventing the egg from being produced, it also
thickens the secretions around the cervix, making it more difficult
for sperm to get through. There are an incredible 23 brands on the
market, in the U.K today. Some women can get confused with the
combined pill and the mini pill. The advantages of the combined pill
are varied, it is known to protect against cancer of the womb and
ovaries, it prevents osteoporosis, and it also regulates periods and
helps with PMS one advantage that a lot of mature adults like about
the pill is that unlike condoms, it does not interfere with sexual
intercourse. The combine pill can also be taken from 6 weeks after
giving birth.

One disadvantage some have said is that it can worsen postnatal
depression by inhibiting the natural production of Progesterone and
missing even one pill, can increase the chances of pregnancy, the side
affects known during taking the pill, are, headaches, water retention,
nausea, weight gain and depression. The combined pill is not
recommended for smokers over 35, or those who have diabetes or even
high blood pressure. Using it is simple, you get proscribed 21 pills
in a packet, taking one pill every morning (preferably the same time
every day) then you do not take the pill for 7 days (while
menstruating), I.e. 3 weeks on 1 week off.

The condom known as Prophylactic, rubber or Johnny, is made of latex
or polyurethane, a form of rubber (they were also made from animal
intestines but are seldom seen now). It is about 7 inches long,
although various sizes are available. The condom and femidom are
sheaths that trap sperm, and they reduce the chance of pregnancy and
STD’s (Sexual Transmitted Disease.)

The advantages are that it stops sperm form...

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