This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Contradictions In Feminist Writings Essay

1903 words - 8 pages

Contradictions in Feminist Literature: Halide Edip's Recreation of Patriarchy vs.
Henrik Ibsen's Destruction
For over five thousand years, the signs of patriarchal ideology have been prevailing in
any concept and phenomenon related to human beings and nature. Nowadays, mass
media keeps on coding and presenting the ways of being man and woman. Literature is
one of the main fields in mass media that is occupied with this coding and presenting.
It is possible to say that the presentation of male and female in literary works -even in
the ones accepted and labeled as "feminist"- has been reproducing the gender roles by
showing no alternative to the societies in which it is produced. However, a literary work
is able to destroy socially-established norms if only it awakens people by doing the
undone and showing the fact that there is always an alternative.
In this article, it is aimed to compare and contrast Halide Edip Adıvar's Handan and
Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House in terms of "recreation" and "destruction" of patriarchal
ideology. Halide Edip's Handan is aimed to compare and contrast to Ibsen's A Doll's
House as the stories of two women may be considered as the different representation of
women's similar "marriage experiences".

İnce 2
Handan by Halide Edip Adıvar
Halide Edip, who is acknowledged to be the first woman novelist of Turkey although
there is Fatma Aliye and Emine Semiye as her predecessors, is accepted as a significant
figure in Turkish feminism and modernism. It should be admitted that she played an
important role in the war of Turkish Emancipation and represented Turkish womanhood
in Turkey and abroad. Her being recognized as a leader and spokeswomen for Turkish
feminism also resulted in her being recognized as a "feminist novelist".
However, a close re-examination of her fiction shows that her strategies of constructing
femininity and womanhood are in harmony with the patriarchal modes of literary
representation. In her early works, the well-established roles of women and men in
patriarchal societies are recreated instead of being challenged. In order to idealize her
woman characters as powerful, active intellectuals, she creates their opposites as passive,
ignorant and self-sacrificing figures who are continually looked down on and criticized
by the male point of view of the narrator.
For instance, in her novel named Handan, Halide Edip tells a story of liaison between
Handan and Refik Cemal through Refik Cemal's first person narration. Therefore, the
reader is limited to examine Handan's personality from a male point of view. In the
novel, Refik Cemal, who works at the department of foreign affairs as a government
official, gets married to Neriman who is grown up by her aunt's husband Mr. Cemal.
Neriman likes Handan -Mr. Cemal's daughter from his previous marriage- very much.
On the other hand, refusing her instructor Nazım's marriage proposal, Handan gets

İnce 3
married to Hüsnü Pasha. When...

Find Another Essay On Contradictions in Feminist Writings

Andrea Dworkin, A Detrement to the Feminist Movement

1410 words - 6 pages contain logical inconsistencies or outright contradictions. For one thing, Dworkin wants to validate the experience of women who have be silenced by patriarchy yet refuses to accept the voices of women who participate in pornography. Dworkin also believes that pornography is the bastion of patriarchy, yet conservatives, tradition champion of patriarchy, also crusade against pornography. (McElroy 98)In one of writings of cesarean sections, Dworkin

Literature - Feminist Criticism and Wonder Woman

835 words - 3 pages exist in the face of these contradictions and complications—within feminist criticism, within gender studies, within individual literary texts and within our understanding of the individual woman as a subject—but that it cannot exist without them. Perhaps, like Wonder Woman, feminist criticism remains vital because it is astonishingly diverse, open, and rigorously self-problematizing.

Which of Nietzsche's ideas are the most useful for feminist theory and practice?

3205 words - 13 pages , Nietzsche was a misogynist but that his writings also contain possibly helpful ideas and methods for feminists.Friedrich Nietzsche passionately urged his readers to question and re-evaluate assumed truths and morals by rendering everything philosophically precarious; in short, he aimed to push things that wished to fall. Much contemporary feminist theory according to Nancy J. Holland (1997) continues to see itself as free thinking women from

The Awakening: General Criticism

1112 words - 4 pages feminist struggles. Felix Chopin stressed that she "was not interested in the woman's suffrage movement" (Taylor 151). Anne Jones disagreed saying that Chopin "was fully conscious of the implicit contradictions between lady and artist and made the best of them, largely through irony" (Taylor 151).Recently The Awakening has been compared to the great heroic novels in history. Lewis Leary describes Edna as "A valiant women, worthy of place beside other

Towards a Feminist Poetics

613 words - 2 pages In this essay ELAINE SHOWALTER presents critical essay "Towards A Feminist poetics." Human beings are more respected then in any other country. In England women were treated as cattle, they were not allowed to unit enter the library. "All the literature almost produced by men." Merely a handful of women we have as writer. The women were forced to consume male produced literature; as a result there is no chance to know the article. The

Edna St. Vincent Millay

1190 words - 5 pages Edna St. Vincent Millay is not a name that we often hear in today’s modern world of literature and poetry. The popularity of Edna St. Vincent Millay’s poetry waned after World War II and the turn of the century. Millay’s writings, however, have lasting influential effects on current American literature. Edna St. Vincent Millay has impacted American culture because of her feminist writings, including “First Fig,” her Pulitzer Prize win, and her

Transnational Postcolonial Feminist Theorizing

2355 words - 9 pages Transnational/Postcolonial Feminist TheorizingTransnational feminism is a contemporary term referring to processes and practices engaged by feminist scholars and activists in the context of globalization. As a conceptualization, it takes its name from First/Third World and postcolonial feminist theorizing regarding material and symbolic encounters among diverse populations of women worldwide and their relationships formed at the intersections of

commies causing bra-burning

1639 words - 7 pages contradictions and more led feminist leaders like Friedan and Judith Brown to found an independent movement. In addition to the impetus of all the aforementioned reasons, Friedan involved herself with the labor movements before she was married and had children. It sounds plausible from Horowitz's evaluation that she was inspired by marxist theory to commit to strong action. Although Friedan does not call to arms any independent organization. It could be

"All genders are equal, but one gender is more equal than the other." A researched journalistic column on FEMINISM

1151 words - 5 pages All genders are equal, but one gender is more equal than the other.Since the beginning of the feminism movement in the 1960s, feminist ideologies and propaganda has littered the floors of society with 'equal rights' objectives and taboo subtexts. __ investigates if the continuing and widespread gender equality movement is in all reality, progress towards a truly utopian society.The roots of feminism can be directly traced back to Marxist

Controversial Views in Kate Chopin's The Awakening

1839 words - 7 pages well with the New Orleans culture. She enjoyed the Louisiana atmosphere so well that most of her writings were based here. Chopin continued living in Louisiana raising her six young children until the sudden death of her husband brought her back to St., Louis (Skaggs 3). Oscar Chopin died while their youngest child, Lelia was only three. Soon after Chopin moved her family to St. Louis to be with her dying mother. In the grief of her losses

Analysis From Feminist/Gender Critic Of Book Wicked

2016 words - 8 pages story itself. They have discussed what lies behind the story when it comes to the issue of sexism and masculinity towards the book itself as well as the characters. There are many concepts as well that help to further explain feminism and gender criticism. The four concepts that will be discussed later on are gender, feminist writings, patriarchal society, and gynocriticism. These concepts will then be reviewed as to how they play a part in the

Similar Essays

Feminist Therapy: A Critical Review Of Implications And Contributions To Counseling

4528 words - 18 pages What is being proposed throughout the literature is that feminist therapy had implications from the origin theory all the way to the ambiguous practice and goals. In a broader sense, modern psychotherapy was created by white, middle class, heterosexual men in their own representation. Ever since, psychotherapy has emphasized white male society's characterization of healthy mental states and has ignored the needs of the diverse populations it

Feminism And The Art Of The Seventies

379 words - 2 pages engaging in activity that defies the traditional ideas of femininity.I find that Eleanor Antin's work Carving: A Traditional Sculpture complicates fundamental ideas in the feminist movement by dieting to transform her body into a more ideal female form. Dara Birnbaum's video installation piece Technology/ Transformation: Wonder Woman is a comical satire on the idea of women's equality. Kathy Akers writings explore the vulnerability and empowerment

The Genre Of Melodrama In All That Heaven Allows By Carey Scott Sirk

643 words - 3 pages school. It focuses on her struggle to gain acceptance from her fellow classmates due to her well presented appearance and choice of wardrobe. Elle proves everyone wrong by the end as she graduates with high honours, takes on the role of elected class speaker at the graduation ceremony and accepts a job at one of Boston’s most respected law firms. Feminist writings in the field of melodrama are suggestive of the fact that female figures in such

Ngo Participation For Women's Empowerment In Bangladesh

2531 words - 10 pages the interrelationships among their own political actions, their vision(s) of empowerment, and the everyday gendered spaces they seek to transform. In the following analysis, I begin by briefly situating this campaign within recent feminist writings on empowerment and violence in the context of `Third World' development politics more generally and of Bangladesh more specifically. I argue that a lack of explicit engagement with space in much of the