This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Comparison Of The Government Of Japan And Australia Legislative System

856 words - 3 pages

Untitled

Comparison of the Legislative System of Australia and Japan.

Japan's Legislature is called the National Diet of Japan. Similar to the Australian system of parliament, it is a bicameral legislature. In Japan, it is composed of the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors (Also known as House of Chancellors). The House of Representatives acts as the lower house and the House of Councillors acts as the upper house. This legislature is similar to the Australian system, however, the upper house in the Australian Parliament is known as the Senate.

In Japan, the National Diet is considered as "the highest organ of state power" and "the sole law-making organ of the State" based on the Constitution.

The two houses in Japan are primarily responsible for making laws, approving the annual national budget, instigating the Constitutional amendments, independently investigating the Government and impeaching Judges of the judicial branch convicted of unethical conduct. The Legislature also plays the pivotal role in formally selecting the Prime Minister of Japan.

The lower house of the Diet of Japan has 480 members, elected for an unrenewable four-year term. In Australia the lower house consists of 150 members who are elected for a 3 year term which is renewable once. The Upper House in the Diet of Japan has 242 members who serve six year terms. The Upper House of Australia (Senate) is composed of only 76 members.

Electoral System

Suffrage is compulsory in Japan for all citizens over 20 years of age. In Japan, both the Upper House and Lower House are elected through what is known as the parallel voting system. The parallel voting system is a system of voting where the elections are run separately for both houses and the result of the election in one house has little or no impact on the result of the election in the Lower house. In addition to this, the voter takes part in the two elections using two different voting systems. In the Elections of the lower house of Japan, the voter is given 10 votes, the voter then must distribute these 10 votes among the candidate. This is also known as the Semi-Proportionate System (See Figure 1 on the right)

This is very...

Find Another Essay On Comparison of the Government of Japan and Australia Legislative System

Comparison of Japan and Russia Essay

3223 words - 13 pages combative appearance, Japanese labor unions have been remarkably cooperative with management by Western standards, and have directed much of their political energy toward confrontation with the conservative government over non-economic Cold War foreign policy issues such as the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty. (Gesualdi 14-27)Judiciary and law system in JapanTerrill describes the seven countries' organization and administration of the police

Comparative Economies of Japan, Australia and Russia

1252 words - 5 pages massive amounts of public and government debt which will be a legacy for many years to come. (over $US1trillion). .Employment/Unemployment According to SectorAll countries selected have relatively low unemployment rates, but all it not as it seems.. Russia has the highest unemployment rate although it does have the highest population and area. Large public sector employment can over inflate employment rates and Japan and Russia maintain high rates

Legislative Success: The Legislative Point of View

791 words - 4 pages In general for any level of government, a private agency or even within one group, gaining support starts with interest, need, demand, and potential success. Legislative changes will go nowhere without one or more of these concepts. Nor should it- whats the point? Legislative success among the president deals greatly with legislative advocacy. Legislation is generally successful when a large majority of those to be affected will benefit from

The gradual transfer of legislative power from the imperial government to the colonies, States and the Commonwealth

2510 words - 10 pages against the wishes of the majority of the Council.In 1829, Western Australia was established under the Western Australia Act, providing the basis for the 1830 legislative council of WA and consequently formed the basis for the appointed Legislative council of WA in 1930.In 1834, yet another Government was established. The South Australian Colonization Act 1834 ensured that the New Providence had several guidelines and provisions. The Act

Globalization and the State System of Government

2554 words - 10 pages established Spanish government. There demands are simple, and present a prime example of disintegration, as their main desire is independence from the state of Spain. The ETA is only a representative of a broad Basque movement to move away from Spanish rule (“Terror” 20-22). South Africa presents another interesting case. The home of apartheid for many years, South Africa had a system of racial segregation built into the laws of the

Comparison between the standards of living between Japan and Canada. Japan is better

615 words - 2 pages schools will become more crowded then they already are. Cities and towns will become more populated, which may lead to over crowding, and all the problems that follow due to this fact. This leads me up to my next point.The more people there are living in a country the higher the crime rate. Canada already has a higher crime rate then Japan, Canada's crime rate is 39 097 compared to Japan's crime rate of 2,300.77. The crime rate would also play a

Who Really Has All the Power: The Executive, Legislative, or Judicial Branch of Government?

986 words - 4 pages . Executive Branch, which pertains to executing the laws. The legislative, which creates the laws and the judicial which interprets the laws. The constitution states their powers and their checks on one another, and its obvious that the legislative has the most power over all the other branches. “Congress, as one of the three coequal branches of government, is ascribed significant powers by the Constitution.” ("white house") Article I of the

The Rise and Development of Nationalism in Meiji, Japan was a Result of Government Modernization Efforts

724 words - 3 pages The Rise and Development of Nationalism in Meiji, Japan was a Result of Government Modernization Efforts The rise and development of nationalism in Meiji Japan was a result of government modernization efforts. The ban on Christianity was lifted and the Meiji government practiced religion toleration. Foreign missionaries were allowed to propagate Christianity and carry out educational and medical work. However

The Tsarist System of Government of Russia

1392 words - 6 pages The Tsarist System of Government of Russia I believe that throughout history, the Tsars felt threatened. They then reformed in order to stay in power, and to stay in for power alone. However, this mindset only had an effect when the Tsar's power was threatened. Nevertheless, I believe that to find the factors that had an effect on the Russian system of government, one must look for the reason why felt threatened

Australia during World War 2: Wartime government controls and the changing role of women

1535 words - 6 pages CensorshipDuring the 2nd world war the Federal Government introduced wartime controls in Australia. The government was able to take these controls through the national security act of 1939. One of these controls was censorship. Censorship is restrictions on communications which can involve hiding, altering or removing information.The Federal government introduced censorship of newspapers, radio, overseas telegraphs, telephones and mail during

Australia: The Foreign Policy of the Hawke-Keating Government

1529 words - 7 pages most significant step in promoting regional economic cooperation was the establishment of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum (APEC). By facilitating economic interdependence between Australia and the Asia-Pacific, the Hawke-Keating government aimed to establish an alignment of interests between Australia and regional powers that would ensure Australia’s place within a framework of cooperative security and mutual prosperity. In adopting

Similar Essays

Cultural Comparison Of Australia And Japan Using The Automobile Industry

2031 words - 8 pages organizational culture are Nationality, Employee demographics, Structure and control system of the firm & industry and market factors (Hodgetts, 2006). The cultural difference between Japan and Australia thus will be discussed. After the points of conflict have been identified and the report concluded, a set of recommendations will follow.Australian and Japanese Cultures - An analysisJapanese has its own unique culture which has been a source of national

An Economic Comparison Of Australia, Cuba And Singapore Country, Employment, Quality Of Life, Enviromental Quality And Government Comparison (Was A Group Assignment)

1118 words - 4 pages rate from 44% to 60%. Singapore-based companies (including those from Australia) will have access to an innovation for environmental sustainability fund and other funding.The Role Of The GovernmentAustralia has a market economy. This means that there is a good deal of private freedom. The government controls some aspects of business, and controls most infrastructure. General government consumption accounts for 18% of Australia's GDP. John Howard

Economics, Market Economies, Government In Economies, Comparison Of Different Economies. Pretty Good Detail, Includes Relevant 2004 Examples... Mostly About Australia But Relevant To Anyone

1897 words - 8 pages power.Australia: a Market Economy with a Role for GovernmentIntroduction;Every economy in the world today is a combination of a market and planned economic system (aka mixed market economies).In mixed market economies the decisions concerning production and distribution are made by a combination of government and market forces.Since the 1980s there has been a trend amongst mixed market economies away from govt intervention towards market forces.Why does the

Tension Between The Legislative And Judicial Arms Of Government

1991 words - 8 pages arms of government, and to assign areas of responsibility. These responsibilities, to put it simply, are:1.Legislative-The power to make laws;2.Executive-The power to carry the laws into effect; and3.Judicial-The power to interpret or discover the law .In theory, the doctrine provides a system in which power cannot be concentrated in to any one governmental or political arm. It presents a system of checks and balances and provides a method of